Radiosensitization and production of DNA double-strand breaks in U87MG brain tumor cells induced by tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac)

Aleck H. Hercbergs, Hung Yun Lin, Faith B. Davis, Paul J. Davis, John T. Leith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe the steady-state levels and molecular and cellular repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac)-treated human U87MG glioblastoma cells after x-irradiation in vitro. This study was conducted to provide a basis for our previous observation of radiosensitization and inhibition of cellular recovery after irradiation of tetrac-exposed GL261 murine brain tumor cells. We used the neutral comet assay to assess DSBs, and found that the steady-state DSB levels as indicated by the mean tail moment after a 1 h application of 2 nM tetrac at 37°C was increased from a value of 6.1 in control cells to 12.4 in tetrac-treated cells at 0 radiation dose. However, at all radiation doses, the induction curves of DSBs were parallel, suggesting that no interaction of tetrac with the initial physicalchemical actions of ionizing radiation occurred. Flow cytometric measurements indicated that this increase was not due to alterations in the relative percentages of U87MG cells throughout the cell cycle. In split-dose DNA repair studies we found that tetrac decreased the repair rate of U87 cells by a factor of 72.5%. This suggests that the radiosensitization from graded single doses of x-rays occurs as a consequence of tetrac inhibition of the post-irradiation repair process. These results link the previously noted changes in cellular endpoints to a molecular endpoint. That is, tetrac produces increased numbers of DSBs in the unirradiated steady-state coupled with a decreased repair rate of DSBs in fractionated radiation experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-357
Number of pages6
JournalCell Cycle
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Double-Stranded DNA Breaks
Brain Neoplasms
Radiation
Comet Assay
tetraiodothyroacetic acid
Glioblastoma
Ionizing Radiation
DNA Repair
Tail
Cell Cycle
Observation
X-Rays

Keywords

  • Comet assay
  • DNA double-strand breaks
  • Radiation sensitivity
  • Tetrac
  • U87MG glioblastoma cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Radiosensitization and production of DNA double-strand breaks in U87MG brain tumor cells induced by tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac). / Hercbergs, Aleck H.; Lin, Hung Yun; Davis, Faith B.; Davis, Paul J.; Leith, John T.

In: Cell Cycle, Vol. 10, No. 2, 15.01.2011, p. 352-357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hercbergs, Aleck H. ; Lin, Hung Yun ; Davis, Faith B. ; Davis, Paul J. ; Leith, John T. / Radiosensitization and production of DNA double-strand breaks in U87MG brain tumor cells induced by tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac). In: Cell Cycle. 2011 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 352-357.
@article{b19d41a086a1470396999d2846083621,
title = "Radiosensitization and production of DNA double-strand breaks in U87MG brain tumor cells induced by tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac)",
abstract = "We describe the steady-state levels and molecular and cellular repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac)-treated human U87MG glioblastoma cells after x-irradiation in vitro. This study was conducted to provide a basis for our previous observation of radiosensitization and inhibition of cellular recovery after irradiation of tetrac-exposed GL261 murine brain tumor cells. We used the neutral comet assay to assess DSBs, and found that the steady-state DSB levels as indicated by the mean tail moment after a 1 h application of 2 nM tetrac at 37°C was increased from a value of 6.1 in control cells to 12.4 in tetrac-treated cells at 0 radiation dose. However, at all radiation doses, the induction curves of DSBs were parallel, suggesting that no interaction of tetrac with the initial physicalchemical actions of ionizing radiation occurred. Flow cytometric measurements indicated that this increase was not due to alterations in the relative percentages of U87MG cells throughout the cell cycle. In split-dose DNA repair studies we found that tetrac decreased the repair rate of U87 cells by a factor of 72.5{\%}. This suggests that the radiosensitization from graded single doses of x-rays occurs as a consequence of tetrac inhibition of the post-irradiation repair process. These results link the previously noted changes in cellular endpoints to a molecular endpoint. That is, tetrac produces increased numbers of DSBs in the unirradiated steady-state coupled with a decreased repair rate of DSBs in fractionated radiation experiments.",
keywords = "Comet assay, DNA double-strand breaks, Radiation sensitivity, Tetrac, U87MG glioblastoma cells",
author = "Hercbergs, {Aleck H.} and Lin, {Hung Yun} and Davis, {Faith B.} and Davis, {Paul J.} and Leith, {John T.}",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.4161/cc.10.2.14641",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "352--357",
journal = "Cell Cycle",
issn = "1538-4101",
publisher = "Landes Bioscience",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Radiosensitization and production of DNA double-strand breaks in U87MG brain tumor cells induced by tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac)

AU - Hercbergs, Aleck H.

AU - Lin, Hung Yun

AU - Davis, Faith B.

AU - Davis, Paul J.

AU - Leith, John T.

PY - 2011/1/15

Y1 - 2011/1/15

N2 - We describe the steady-state levels and molecular and cellular repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac)-treated human U87MG glioblastoma cells after x-irradiation in vitro. This study was conducted to provide a basis for our previous observation of radiosensitization and inhibition of cellular recovery after irradiation of tetrac-exposed GL261 murine brain tumor cells. We used the neutral comet assay to assess DSBs, and found that the steady-state DSB levels as indicated by the mean tail moment after a 1 h application of 2 nM tetrac at 37°C was increased from a value of 6.1 in control cells to 12.4 in tetrac-treated cells at 0 radiation dose. However, at all radiation doses, the induction curves of DSBs were parallel, suggesting that no interaction of tetrac with the initial physicalchemical actions of ionizing radiation occurred. Flow cytometric measurements indicated that this increase was not due to alterations in the relative percentages of U87MG cells throughout the cell cycle. In split-dose DNA repair studies we found that tetrac decreased the repair rate of U87 cells by a factor of 72.5%. This suggests that the radiosensitization from graded single doses of x-rays occurs as a consequence of tetrac inhibition of the post-irradiation repair process. These results link the previously noted changes in cellular endpoints to a molecular endpoint. That is, tetrac produces increased numbers of DSBs in the unirradiated steady-state coupled with a decreased repair rate of DSBs in fractionated radiation experiments.

AB - We describe the steady-state levels and molecular and cellular repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac)-treated human U87MG glioblastoma cells after x-irradiation in vitro. This study was conducted to provide a basis for our previous observation of radiosensitization and inhibition of cellular recovery after irradiation of tetrac-exposed GL261 murine brain tumor cells. We used the neutral comet assay to assess DSBs, and found that the steady-state DSB levels as indicated by the mean tail moment after a 1 h application of 2 nM tetrac at 37°C was increased from a value of 6.1 in control cells to 12.4 in tetrac-treated cells at 0 radiation dose. However, at all radiation doses, the induction curves of DSBs were parallel, suggesting that no interaction of tetrac with the initial physicalchemical actions of ionizing radiation occurred. Flow cytometric measurements indicated that this increase was not due to alterations in the relative percentages of U87MG cells throughout the cell cycle. In split-dose DNA repair studies we found that tetrac decreased the repair rate of U87 cells by a factor of 72.5%. This suggests that the radiosensitization from graded single doses of x-rays occurs as a consequence of tetrac inhibition of the post-irradiation repair process. These results link the previously noted changes in cellular endpoints to a molecular endpoint. That is, tetrac produces increased numbers of DSBs in the unirradiated steady-state coupled with a decreased repair rate of DSBs in fractionated radiation experiments.

KW - Comet assay

KW - DNA double-strand breaks

KW - Radiation sensitivity

KW - Tetrac

KW - U87MG glioblastoma cells

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79551545359&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79551545359&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4161/cc.10.2.14641

DO - 10.4161/cc.10.2.14641

M3 - Article

C2 - 21212737

AN - SCOPUS:79551545359

VL - 10

SP - 352

EP - 357

JO - Cell Cycle

JF - Cell Cycle

SN - 1538-4101

IS - 2

ER -