Radiofrequency catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardias in pediatric patients.

Y. C. Chang, M. H. Wu, J. L. Lin, M. L. Young, J. K. Wang, H. C. Lue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in children. Atrioventricular (AV) reciprocating tachycardia utilizing an accessory pathway and AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) constitute a majority of SVTs. Radiofrequency energy ablation has recently become the treatment of choice in adults. Initial experience in pediatric patients in this Institute is reported in this study. Six consecutive patients (aged 5-22 years, mean age 13 years; 3 boys, 3 girls) with narrow-QRS SVT were studied from July to October in 1993. They had experienced symptomatic SVT for a mean period of five years (ranged from 1 to 15 years). Anti-arrhythmic agents, including beta-antagonists and calcium channel blockers, were unable to satisfactorily suppress these SVTs. Four of the six patients were shown to have a left-sided concealed accessory connection as the retrograde limb of the reentrant circuit. After identification of the earliest retrograde activation site, a steerable 7F catheter with a 4-mm-long electrode at the distal tip was placed within the left ventricle and positioned against the atrio-ventricular annulus. Another two patients were proved to have AVNRT. The ablation catheter was placed at the posterior/inferior aspect of the tricuspid annulus and guided by putative slow potential. Radiofrequency current was delivered at a power from 15 to 25W for four to six times with a mean duration of 40 seconds in patients with AV reciprocating tachycardia, and a single time in those with AVNRT. All six SVTs were successfully ablated. No complication was noted in any patient. Follow-up for three to seven months has indicated no recurrence of SVT.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalActa Paediatrica Sinica
Volume36
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Supraventricular Tachycardia
Catheter Ablation
Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry Tachycardia
Pediatrics
Reciprocating Tachycardia
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Heart Ventricles
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Electrodes
Catheters
Extremities
Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Chang, Y. C., Wu, M. H., Lin, J. L., Young, M. L., Wang, J. K., & Lue, H. C. (1995). Radiofrequency catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardias in pediatric patients. Acta Paediatrica Sinica, 36(2), 113-120.

Radiofrequency catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardias in pediatric patients. / Chang, Y. C.; Wu, M. H.; Lin, J. L.; Young, M. L.; Wang, J. K.; Lue, H. C.

In: Acta Paediatrica Sinica, Vol. 36, No. 2, 01.03.1995, p. 113-120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, YC, Wu, MH, Lin, JL, Young, ML, Wang, JK & Lue, HC 1995, 'Radiofrequency catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardias in pediatric patients.', Acta Paediatrica Sinica, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 113-120.
Chang, Y. C. ; Wu, M. H. ; Lin, J. L. ; Young, M. L. ; Wang, J. K. ; Lue, H. C. / Radiofrequency catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardias in pediatric patients. In: Acta Paediatrica Sinica. 1995 ; Vol. 36, No. 2. pp. 113-120.
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