Purification and properties of human platelet P235. A high molecular weight protein substrate of endogenous calcium-activated protease(s).

N. C. Collier, K. Wang

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Abstract

Two major high molecular weight proteins of human platelets are highly susceptible to proteolytic degradation by endogenous calcium-activated protease activities. Of the two proteins, one has been identified as filamin (Mr = 250,000 subunit); the second, a Mr = 235,000 subunit protein contributing 3-8% of the total platelet proteins, has not been previously characterized. We have now purified this protein, designated P235, to apparent homogeneity (greater than 95%). P235 was extracted by a Triton X-100 and EDTA containing buffer at pH 9.0 and purified by a series of DEAE-cellulose, phosphocellulose, and gel filtration chromatographies. Purified P235 is a dimer of Mr = 235,000 subunit. Its Stokes radius (67 A) and frictional ratio of 1.3 suggest that P235 is approximately globular. Despite this similarity in subunit and molecular weight of P235 to filamin, spectrin, fibronectin, and myosin, its amino acid composition, immunological properties, and peptide map are distinctly different and showed no precursor-product relationship to these proteins. Calcium-activated protease(s) in crude platelet extract rapidly degrade P235 into a Mr = 200,000 stable fragment. Upon prolonged storage at 4 degrees C, purified P235 partially degrades into a Mr = 220,000 and a Mr = 200,000 fragment. This degradation pattern suggests that P235 contains a large Mr = 200,000 protease-resistant domain. The availability of pure P235 will be useful in elucidating the functional role of this platelet protein, as well as the role of calcium-activated proteases in platelet function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6937-6943
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume257
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jun 25 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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