The use of pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) with an ultrasound contrast agent (UCA) has been shown to disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB) noninvasively and reversibly in the targeted regions. This study evaluated the relative permeability of the blood-tumor barrier (BTB) after sonication by pulsed HIFU. Entry into the brain of chemotherapeutic agents is impeded by the BBB even though the permeability of this barrier may be partially reduced in the presence of a brain tumor. F98 glioma-bearing rats were injected intravenously with Evans blue (EB) with or without BTB disruption induced by pulsed HIFU. Sonication was applied at an ultrasound frequency of 1 MHz with a 5% duty cycle, and a repetition frequency of 1 Hz. The accumulation of EB in brain tumor and the tumor-to-contralateral brain ratio of EB were highest after pulsed HIFU exposure. Sonication followed by EB injection showed a tumor-to-contralateral brain ratio in the target tumors which was about 2 times that of the control tumors. This research demonstrates that pulsed HIFU enhances the relative permeability of the BTB in glioma- bearing rats. The results of this pilot study support the idea that further evaluation of other treatment strategies, such as HIFU exposure in addition to combined chemotherapy or repeated pulsed HIFU exposure to increase delivery of drugs into brain tumors, might be useful.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics