The current study evaluated sequential pulmonary function tests prospectively at a minimum of 2 years after thoracoplasty in adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Twenty patients were divided into two groups: Group I (n=12) was comprised of patients who had posterior instrumented fusion with external thoracoplasty, and Group II (n=8) was comprised of patients who in addition to a posterior instrumented fusion, had an anterior release and fusion via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (n=4) or open thoracotomy (n=4) because of rigid severity. Forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 second of percent predicted values in Group I declined 9% at 3 months postoperatively and returned to the preoperative baseline at 1 year. However, forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 second of percent predicted values in Group II declined 11% to 18% postoperatively and did not return to the preoperative baseline at 2 years. Posterior instrumented fusion with thoracoplasty in adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis significantly decreased pulmonary function at 3 months, but returned to the preoperative baseline at 1 year. The addition of an anterior releasing procedure resulted in poorer pulmonary function, which did not return to the preoperative baseline by the 2-year followup.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine