Protective effects of L-arginine on pulmonary oxidative stress and antioxidant defenses during exhaustive exercise in rats

Wan Teng Lin, Suh-Ching Yang, Kung Tung Chen, Chi Chang Huang, Ning Yuean Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To assess the effects of L-arginine (L-Arg) supplementation on pulmonary oxidative stress and antioxidant defenses in rats after exhaustive exercise. Methods: Rats were randomly divided into four groups: sedentary control (SC), sedentary control with L-Arg treatment (SC+Arg), exhaustive exercise with control diet (E) and exhaustive exercise with L-Arg treatment (E+Arg). Rats in groups SC+Arg and E+Arg received a 2% L-Arg diet. Rats in groups E and E+Arg underwent an exhaustive running test on a motorized treadmill. Pulmonary oxidative stress indices [xanthine oxidase (XO), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and malondialdehyde (MDA)] and antioxidant defense systems [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), glutathione reductase (GR), and glutathione (GSH)] were investigated in this study. Results: L-Arg supplementation significantly reduced exercise-induced elevations of XO and MPO activities in lung. L-Arg reversed the exercise-induced increase in SOD and GR activities, but increased CAT and GPX activities. L-Arg administration also significantly increased the GSH levels in plasma. Conclusion: L-Arg supplementation can prevent elevations of XO and MPO activities in the lung and favorably influence pulmonary antioxidant defense systems after exhaustive exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)992-999
Number of pages8
JournalActa Pharmacologica Sinica
Volume26
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Exhaustive exercise
  • L-arginine
  • Lung
  • Myeloperoxidase
  • Oxidative stress
  • Xanthine oxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pharmacology

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