Production of bacterial cellulose with various additives in a PCS rotating disk bioreactor and its material property analysis

Shin Ping Lin, Chi Te Liu, Kai Di Hsu, Yu Ting Hung, Ting Yu Shih, Kuan Chen Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that bacterial cellulose (BC) can be semi-continuously produced by utilizing the plastic composite support-rotating disk bioreactor (PCS-RDB). In this study, different additives, such as microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel was used in this study), carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), agar and sodium alginate, were added to the PCS-RDB culture medium to improve the BC productivity and material properties. The produced BC was then analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scan electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and strength analysis. Adding CMC and Avicel can increase the production of BC in PCS-RDB. The highest BC production reached (0.64 g/slice) when 0.8 % Avicel was added. Data from FTIR, XRD and SEM indicated that CMC and Avicel were incorporated into the BC during production, creating a disordered BC structure and thus reducing crystallinity. Both BCs and additive-altered BCs exhibited similar high water retention abilities (98.6–99 %). Additive-altered BCs exhibit similar strain but lower stress. BC production in PCS-RDB was improved by incorporating different additives, while the material properties of the produced BCs were also modified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-377
Number of pages11
JournalCellulose
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Rotating disks
Bioreactors
Cellulose
Materials properties
Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium
Plastics
Composite materials
Electron microscopy
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Sodium alginate
X ray diffraction
Thermogravimetric analysis
Productivity
Agar
Culture Media

Keywords

  • Bacterial cellulose
  • Gluconacetobacter xylinus
  • Materials property analysis
  • Plastic composite support
  • Rotating disk bioreactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Production of bacterial cellulose with various additives in a PCS rotating disk bioreactor and its material property analysis. / Lin, Shin Ping; Liu, Chi Te; Hsu, Kai Di; Hung, Yu Ting; Shih, Ting Yu; Cheng, Kuan Chen.

In: Cellulose, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.02.2016, p. 367-377.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Shin Ping ; Liu, Chi Te ; Hsu, Kai Di ; Hung, Yu Ting ; Shih, Ting Yu ; Cheng, Kuan Chen. / Production of bacterial cellulose with various additives in a PCS rotating disk bioreactor and its material property analysis. In: Cellulose. 2016 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 367-377.
@article{ac336ebc6e314bb282549924e32cd4ec,
title = "Production of bacterial cellulose with various additives in a PCS rotating disk bioreactor and its material property analysis",
abstract = "Previous studies have demonstrated that bacterial cellulose (BC) can be semi-continuously produced by utilizing the plastic composite support-rotating disk bioreactor (PCS-RDB). In this study, different additives, such as microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel was used in this study), carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), agar and sodium alginate, were added to the PCS-RDB culture medium to improve the BC productivity and material properties. The produced BC was then analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scan electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and strength analysis. Adding CMC and Avicel can increase the production of BC in PCS-RDB. The highest BC production reached (0.64 g/slice) when 0.8 {\%} Avicel was added. Data from FTIR, XRD and SEM indicated that CMC and Avicel were incorporated into the BC during production, creating a disordered BC structure and thus reducing crystallinity. Both BCs and additive-altered BCs exhibited similar high water retention abilities (98.6–99 {\%}). Additive-altered BCs exhibit similar strain but lower stress. BC production in PCS-RDB was improved by incorporating different additives, while the material properties of the produced BCs were also modified.",
keywords = "Bacterial cellulose, Gluconacetobacter xylinus, Materials property analysis, Plastic composite support, Rotating disk bioreactor",
author = "Lin, {Shin Ping} and Liu, {Chi Te} and Hsu, {Kai Di} and Hung, {Yu Ting} and Shih, {Ting Yu} and Cheng, {Kuan Chen}",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10570-015-0855-0",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "367--377",
journal = "Cellulose",
issn = "0969-0239",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Production of bacterial cellulose with various additives in a PCS rotating disk bioreactor and its material property analysis

AU - Lin, Shin Ping

AU - Liu, Chi Te

AU - Hsu, Kai Di

AU - Hung, Yu Ting

AU - Shih, Ting Yu

AU - Cheng, Kuan Chen

PY - 2016/2/1

Y1 - 2016/2/1

N2 - Previous studies have demonstrated that bacterial cellulose (BC) can be semi-continuously produced by utilizing the plastic composite support-rotating disk bioreactor (PCS-RDB). In this study, different additives, such as microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel was used in this study), carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), agar and sodium alginate, were added to the PCS-RDB culture medium to improve the BC productivity and material properties. The produced BC was then analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scan electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and strength analysis. Adding CMC and Avicel can increase the production of BC in PCS-RDB. The highest BC production reached (0.64 g/slice) when 0.8 % Avicel was added. Data from FTIR, XRD and SEM indicated that CMC and Avicel were incorporated into the BC during production, creating a disordered BC structure and thus reducing crystallinity. Both BCs and additive-altered BCs exhibited similar high water retention abilities (98.6–99 %). Additive-altered BCs exhibit similar strain but lower stress. BC production in PCS-RDB was improved by incorporating different additives, while the material properties of the produced BCs were also modified.

AB - Previous studies have demonstrated that bacterial cellulose (BC) can be semi-continuously produced by utilizing the plastic composite support-rotating disk bioreactor (PCS-RDB). In this study, different additives, such as microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel was used in this study), carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), agar and sodium alginate, were added to the PCS-RDB culture medium to improve the BC productivity and material properties. The produced BC was then analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scan electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and strength analysis. Adding CMC and Avicel can increase the production of BC in PCS-RDB. The highest BC production reached (0.64 g/slice) when 0.8 % Avicel was added. Data from FTIR, XRD and SEM indicated that CMC and Avicel were incorporated into the BC during production, creating a disordered BC structure and thus reducing crystallinity. Both BCs and additive-altered BCs exhibited similar high water retention abilities (98.6–99 %). Additive-altered BCs exhibit similar strain but lower stress. BC production in PCS-RDB was improved by incorporating different additives, while the material properties of the produced BCs were also modified.

KW - Bacterial cellulose

KW - Gluconacetobacter xylinus

KW - Materials property analysis

KW - Plastic composite support

KW - Rotating disk bioreactor

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955693638&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84955693638&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10570-015-0855-0

DO - 10.1007/s10570-015-0855-0

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 367

EP - 377

JO - Cellulose

JF - Cellulose

SN - 0969-0239

IS - 1

ER -