Primary infected aortic aneurysm: Clinical presentation, pathogen, and outcome

Cheng Hsin Lin, Ron Bin Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Infected aneurysm of the aorta and adjacent arteries is rarely occurring and can be fatal without surgical intervention. Within the medical community, the most efficacious treatment strategy to address infected aortic aneurysm remains controversial. In this study, we have reviewed our treatment experience with 109 patients. Methods: We included in our study all consecutive patients treated for primary infected aortic aneurysm at our facility between 1995 and 2011. Aneurysm-related mortality was defined as the presence of in-hospital and late mortality related to infection or postoperative complications. Results: The median patient age was 72 years (range, 35-88), and 87 (80%) were male. Pathogen was isolated in 101 patients, and the most common microorganism identified was non-typhoid Salmonella in 61 (60%), followed by Staphylococcus aureus in 16 (16%) and Streptococci species in 7 (7%). Eighty-five (78%) patients underwent surgical treatment. Surgery included open repair with in-situ graft replacement in 77 (71%) and endovascular repair in 8 (7%). The aneurysm-related mortality rate was 67% in medically treated and 21% in surgically treated patients, with a median follow-up duration of 31.5 months (range 1-189). Additionally, risk factors for aneurysmrelated mortality included old age, chronic lung disease, psoas muscle abscess, short duration of preoperative antibiotics, no operation, and probably endovascular repair. Conclusions: Non-typhoid Salmonella was the most common pathogen found in our study group patients with infected aortic aneurysm. It appears that prolonged preoperative antibiotic treatment followed by open in-situ graft replacement remains the preferred and most effective treatment strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-521
Number of pages8
JournalActa Cardiologica Sinica
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 9 2014

Keywords

  • Infected aortic aneurysm
  • Outcome
  • Pathogen
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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