Prevention of Implant Fracture Complications in Dental Implantation

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Abstract

Dental implantation is currently one of the major surgeries in dental reconstruction to restore patients' normal masticatory function. Although dental implantation procedures have a high success rate, many reports indicate that the occurrence of post-surgical bone resorption at the implant site may increase the chances of dental implant failure or fracture; among which, damage in the mandibular molar area is the most severe. Many of the recent studies analyze the success of dental implants by assessing the osseointegration of the oral cavity. To date, there are no relevant studies that use bone resorption as a major element in research. The present study attempts to estimate the impact of bone resorption on the implant itself at a later stage of the implant procedure under various surgical conditions using the Taguchi method and finite element analysis (FEA). The result showed a positive correlation between the magnitude of the stress and the length of the implant, while the diameter of the implant is negatively correlated. The difference in the thickness of the cortical bone does not cause significant impact to the stress of the implant, and the diameter of the implant is the most significant factor affecting stress. Recommendation is made to use implants with a larger diameter for better surgical outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018

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Dental Implantation
Bone Resorption
Bone
Dental Implants
Dental prostheses
Tooth Fractures
Osseointegration
Finite Element Analysis
Taguchi methods
Mouth
Tooth
Surgery
Research
Finite element method

Cite this

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title = "Prevention of Implant Fracture Complications in Dental Implantation",
abstract = "Dental implantation is currently one of the major surgeries in dental reconstruction to restore patients' normal masticatory function. Although dental implantation procedures have a high success rate, many reports indicate that the occurrence of post-surgical bone resorption at the implant site may increase the chances of dental implant failure or fracture; among which, damage in the mandibular molar area is the most severe. Many of the recent studies analyze the success of dental implants by assessing the osseointegration of the oral cavity. To date, there are no relevant studies that use bone resorption as a major element in research. The present study attempts to estimate the impact of bone resorption on the implant itself at a later stage of the implant procedure under various surgical conditions using the Taguchi method and finite element analysis (FEA). The result showed a positive correlation between the magnitude of the stress and the length of the implant, while the diameter of the implant is negatively correlated. The difference in the thickness of the cortical bone does not cause significant impact to the stress of the implant, and the diameter of the implant is the most significant factor affecting stress. Recommendation is made to use implants with a larger diameter for better surgical outcomes.",
author = "Liu, {Chien Wei} and Chien-Tsu Chen and Kuan-Chou Lin",
year = "2018",
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language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering",
issn = "2157-9083",
publisher = "American Scientific Publishers",

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AU - Liu, Chien Wei

AU - Chen, Chien-Tsu

AU - Lin, Kuan-Chou

PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - Dental implantation is currently one of the major surgeries in dental reconstruction to restore patients' normal masticatory function. Although dental implantation procedures have a high success rate, many reports indicate that the occurrence of post-surgical bone resorption at the implant site may increase the chances of dental implant failure or fracture; among which, damage in the mandibular molar area is the most severe. Many of the recent studies analyze the success of dental implants by assessing the osseointegration of the oral cavity. To date, there are no relevant studies that use bone resorption as a major element in research. The present study attempts to estimate the impact of bone resorption on the implant itself at a later stage of the implant procedure under various surgical conditions using the Taguchi method and finite element analysis (FEA). The result showed a positive correlation between the magnitude of the stress and the length of the implant, while the diameter of the implant is negatively correlated. The difference in the thickness of the cortical bone does not cause significant impact to the stress of the implant, and the diameter of the implant is the most significant factor affecting stress. Recommendation is made to use implants with a larger diameter for better surgical outcomes.

AB - Dental implantation is currently one of the major surgeries in dental reconstruction to restore patients' normal masticatory function. Although dental implantation procedures have a high success rate, many reports indicate that the occurrence of post-surgical bone resorption at the implant site may increase the chances of dental implant failure or fracture; among which, damage in the mandibular molar area is the most severe. Many of the recent studies analyze the success of dental implants by assessing the osseointegration of the oral cavity. To date, there are no relevant studies that use bone resorption as a major element in research. The present study attempts to estimate the impact of bone resorption on the implant itself at a later stage of the implant procedure under various surgical conditions using the Taguchi method and finite element analysis (FEA). The result showed a positive correlation between the magnitude of the stress and the length of the implant, while the diameter of the implant is negatively correlated. The difference in the thickness of the cortical bone does not cause significant impact to the stress of the implant, and the diameter of the implant is the most significant factor affecting stress. Recommendation is made to use implants with a larger diameter for better surgical outcomes.

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

JF - Journal of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

SN - 2157-9083

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