BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare the efficacy of 10% dextran 40 with lactated Ringer's (LR) solution in reducing the incidence and severity of hypotension after spinal anesthesia for Cesarean section. METHODS: Sixty ASA grade I patients scheduled for Cesarean section were randomized into two groups in a double-blind fashion to receive either 500 ml of dextran 40 or 1000 ml of LR solution prior to induction of spinal anesthesia. RESULTS: The incidence of hypotension was 16 in 30 (53.3%) in the LR solution group and 8 in 30 (26.7%) in the dextran group (P < 0.05). The required dose of ephedrine for treatment of hypotension was significantly greater in the LR solution group than in the dextran group (15.5 mg versus 3.2 mg, P < 0.05). Neonatal outcome, as determined by Apgar score, was good and similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that 500 ml of dextran 40 is more effective than 1000 ml of lactated Ringer's solution in reducing the incidence of hypotension induced by spinal anesthesia.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Acta Anaesthesiologica Sinica|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|