Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus and its association with hepatitis B, C, and D virus infections among incarcerated male substance abusers in Taiwan

Fang Yeh Chu, Shu Chuan Chiang, Fu Hsiung Su, Yuan Ying Chang, Shu Hsing Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Taiwan has been facing a rising epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection since 2004. Injection drug users comprised 38.5% of accumulated HIV cases by 2007. This cross-sectional study investigated the seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV), and HIV infection in 753 male substance users who were detained in a detoxification center in Taoyuan, Taiwan. The subjects were enrolled into the study consecutively between February and October, 2005. The seroprevalence rates of HIV antibodies, HCV antibodies, and HBV surface antigens among all subjects, and HDV antibodies among HBV carriers were 6.9% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.19-8.95), 30.5% (95% CI: 27.23-33.93), 16.9% (95% CI: 14.24-19.71) and 13.7% (95% CI: 8.19-21.04), respectively. Subjects in the heroin injection group had significantly higher rates of HIV infection, HCV infection and HDV superinfection (25.5%, 89.6%, and 38.7%) than those in the heroin non-injection group (0.9%, 24.5%, and 6.25%), the methamphetamine group (0.3%, 8.1%, and 6.7%), and the club drug group (1%, 3%, and 0%; P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)973-978
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hepatitis
  • Heroin
  • HIV
  • Injections
  • Substance abuse
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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