Prevalence and risk factors associated with fasting blood glucose levels in adults aged 30 years and older with disabilities

The results from an annual health check-up

Jin Ding Lin, Lan Ping Lin, Jiunn Tay Lee, Shih Wen Liou, Y. U Jung Chen, Shang Wei Hsu, Chien Ting Liu, Yii Rong Leu, Chia Ling Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to collect information on the fasting blood glucose (FBG) profile in individuals with disabilities and to determine associated risk factors in this population. This study was a cross-sectional survey of 833 adults with disabilities who were 30 years of age or older and who voluntarily participated in the 2010 annual health examination provided by a local government in east Taiwan. The results demonstrated that 23% of participants had prediabetes (FBG: 100-125 mm/dl), and 10.7% participants had diabetes (FBG>126 mm/dl). The findings appear to demonstrate that individuals with disabilities experience a higher prevalence of diabetes than the general population, and greater attention must be paid to this population within the healthcare system. In the logistic regression model, older age, and body mass index (BMI) were predictive of diabetes in this population. In addition, elderly individuals (OR=5.96, 95% CI=1.67-21.23) or those from 44 to 64 years (OR=6.67, 95% CI=1.94-22.97) with a disability were more likely to have diabetes than were younger individuals (30-44 years of age). Overweight or obese subjects were more likely to have diabetes compared to the underweight group (OR=7.08, 95% CI=2.11-23.76). To decrease the risk of diabetes in individuals with disabilities, health authorities should initiate effective preventive interventions and prepare for the detection, management and complications of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Disabilities
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Blood Glucose
Fasting
Health
Population
Logistic Models
Prediabetic State
Local Government
Thinness
Diabetes Complications
Taiwan
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Disabilities
  • Fasting blood glucose (FBG)
  • Individuals with disabilities
  • Prediabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Prevalence and risk factors associated with fasting blood glucose levels in adults aged 30 years and older with disabilities : The results from an annual health check-up. / Lin, Jin Ding; Lin, Lan Ping; Lee, Jiunn Tay; Liou, Shih Wen; Chen, Y. U Jung; Hsu, Shang Wei; Liu, Chien Ting; Leu, Yii Rong; Wu, Chia Ling.

In: International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 60, No. 2, 01.01.2014, p. 57-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Jin Ding ; Lin, Lan Ping ; Lee, Jiunn Tay ; Liou, Shih Wen ; Chen, Y. U Jung ; Hsu, Shang Wei ; Liu, Chien Ting ; Leu, Yii Rong ; Wu, Chia Ling. / Prevalence and risk factors associated with fasting blood glucose levels in adults aged 30 years and older with disabilities : The results from an annual health check-up. In: International Journal of Developmental Disabilities. 2014 ; Vol. 60, No. 2. pp. 57-64.
@article{59eaea3faf4f46f3922cf585139a9684,
title = "Prevalence and risk factors associated with fasting blood glucose levels in adults aged 30 years and older with disabilities: The results from an annual health check-up",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to collect information on the fasting blood glucose (FBG) profile in individuals with disabilities and to determine associated risk factors in this population. This study was a cross-sectional survey of 833 adults with disabilities who were 30 years of age or older and who voluntarily participated in the 2010 annual health examination provided by a local government in east Taiwan. The results demonstrated that 23{\%} of participants had prediabetes (FBG: 100-125 mm/dl), and 10.7{\%} participants had diabetes (FBG>126 mm/dl). The findings appear to demonstrate that individuals with disabilities experience a higher prevalence of diabetes than the general population, and greater attention must be paid to this population within the healthcare system. In the logistic regression model, older age, and body mass index (BMI) were predictive of diabetes in this population. In addition, elderly individuals (OR=5.96, 95{\%} CI=1.67-21.23) or those from 44 to 64 years (OR=6.67, 95{\%} CI=1.94-22.97) with a disability were more likely to have diabetes than were younger individuals (30-44 years of age). Overweight or obese subjects were more likely to have diabetes compared to the underweight group (OR=7.08, 95{\%} CI=2.11-23.76). To decrease the risk of diabetes in individuals with disabilities, health authorities should initiate effective preventive interventions and prepare for the detection, management and complications of diabetes.",
keywords = "Disabilities, Fasting blood glucose (FBG), Individuals with disabilities, Prediabetes",
author = "Lin, {Jin Ding} and Lin, {Lan Ping} and Lee, {Jiunn Tay} and Liou, {Shih Wen} and Chen, {Y. U Jung} and Hsu, {Shang Wei} and Liu, {Chien Ting} and Leu, {Yii Rong} and Wu, {Chia Ling}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1179/2047387713Y.0000000023",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "57--64",
journal = "International Journal of Developmental Disabilities",
issn = "2047-3869",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and risk factors associated with fasting blood glucose levels in adults aged 30 years and older with disabilities

T2 - The results from an annual health check-up

AU - Lin, Jin Ding

AU - Lin, Lan Ping

AU - Lee, Jiunn Tay

AU - Liou, Shih Wen

AU - Chen, Y. U Jung

AU - Hsu, Shang Wei

AU - Liu, Chien Ting

AU - Leu, Yii Rong

AU - Wu, Chia Ling

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - The purpose of this study was to collect information on the fasting blood glucose (FBG) profile in individuals with disabilities and to determine associated risk factors in this population. This study was a cross-sectional survey of 833 adults with disabilities who were 30 years of age or older and who voluntarily participated in the 2010 annual health examination provided by a local government in east Taiwan. The results demonstrated that 23% of participants had prediabetes (FBG: 100-125 mm/dl), and 10.7% participants had diabetes (FBG>126 mm/dl). The findings appear to demonstrate that individuals with disabilities experience a higher prevalence of diabetes than the general population, and greater attention must be paid to this population within the healthcare system. In the logistic regression model, older age, and body mass index (BMI) were predictive of diabetes in this population. In addition, elderly individuals (OR=5.96, 95% CI=1.67-21.23) or those from 44 to 64 years (OR=6.67, 95% CI=1.94-22.97) with a disability were more likely to have diabetes than were younger individuals (30-44 years of age). Overweight or obese subjects were more likely to have diabetes compared to the underweight group (OR=7.08, 95% CI=2.11-23.76). To decrease the risk of diabetes in individuals with disabilities, health authorities should initiate effective preventive interventions and prepare for the detection, management and complications of diabetes.

AB - The purpose of this study was to collect information on the fasting blood glucose (FBG) profile in individuals with disabilities and to determine associated risk factors in this population. This study was a cross-sectional survey of 833 adults with disabilities who were 30 years of age or older and who voluntarily participated in the 2010 annual health examination provided by a local government in east Taiwan. The results demonstrated that 23% of participants had prediabetes (FBG: 100-125 mm/dl), and 10.7% participants had diabetes (FBG>126 mm/dl). The findings appear to demonstrate that individuals with disabilities experience a higher prevalence of diabetes than the general population, and greater attention must be paid to this population within the healthcare system. In the logistic regression model, older age, and body mass index (BMI) were predictive of diabetes in this population. In addition, elderly individuals (OR=5.96, 95% CI=1.67-21.23) or those from 44 to 64 years (OR=6.67, 95% CI=1.94-22.97) with a disability were more likely to have diabetes than were younger individuals (30-44 years of age). Overweight or obese subjects were more likely to have diabetes compared to the underweight group (OR=7.08, 95% CI=2.11-23.76). To decrease the risk of diabetes in individuals with disabilities, health authorities should initiate effective preventive interventions and prepare for the detection, management and complications of diabetes.

KW - Disabilities

KW - Fasting blood glucose (FBG)

KW - Individuals with disabilities

KW - Prediabetes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84900333329&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84900333329&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1179/2047387713Y.0000000023

DO - 10.1179/2047387713Y.0000000023

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 57

EP - 64

JO - International Journal of Developmental Disabilities

JF - International Journal of Developmental Disabilities

SN - 2047-3869

IS - 2

ER -