Prevalence and determinants of prehypertension status in the Taiwanese general population

Pei Shan Tsai, Tian Lu Ke, Chun Jen Huang, Jen Chen Tsai, Ping Ling Chen, Shu-Yi Wang, Yu-Kai Shiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of prehypertension and to compare the differences in demographic factors, anthropometric measurements, lifestyles and metabolic profiles between normotensive and prehypertensive individuals. Design: Data were based on the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT), a cross-sectional survey that adopted a multi-stage, stratified clustering sampling scheme. The data collection period was from 1 January 1993 to 31 December 1996. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of data previously collected. Data from 1039 men and 1186 women, aged 18-96 years, were analyzed. Results: Approximately 34% of Taiwanese adults had prehypertension. The prevalence rate of prehypertension was higher among men (36%) than women (32%). In univariable logistic analysis, sex, age group, age, waist-hip ratio (WHR) group, body mass index (BMI) group, waist circumference, blood sugar, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), cholesterol/HDL and smoking status were significantly associated with prehypertension status. Multivariable logistic regression revealed that age [odds ratio (OR) = 1.014, 95% confidence interval (Cl) = 1.004-1.0249] and BMI (OR = 1.106, 95% Cl = 1.051-1.165) were the determinants of prehypertension status in men. For women, age (OR = 1.033, 95% Cl = 1.022-1.044), waist circumference (OR = 1.031, 95% Cl = 1.012-1.051) and triglyceride (OR = 1.003, 95% Cl = 1.000-1.005) were the determinants of prehypertension. Conclusions: This study underscores the importance of general obesity and central obesity as risk factors for prehypertension in the Taiwanese adult population. These two indices of obesity have different impacts on men and women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1355-1360
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume23
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005

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Prehypertension
Odds Ratio
Population
Waist Circumference
HDL Cholesterol
Triglycerides
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Waist-Hip Ratio
Metabolome
Abdominal Obesity
Nutrition Surveys
Health Surveys
Taiwan
LDL Cholesterol
Cluster Analysis
Blood Glucose
Life Style
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Anthropometrics
  • Central obesity
  • General obesity
  • Prehypertension determinants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Prevalence and determinants of prehypertension status in the Taiwanese general population. / Tsai, Pei Shan; Ke, Tian Lu; Huang, Chun Jen; Tsai, Jen Chen; Chen, Ping Ling; Wang, Shu-Yi; Shiu, Yu-Kai.

In: Journal of Hypertension, Vol. 23, No. 7, 07.2005, p. 1355-1360.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsai, Pei Shan ; Ke, Tian Lu ; Huang, Chun Jen ; Tsai, Jen Chen ; Chen, Ping Ling ; Wang, Shu-Yi ; Shiu, Yu-Kai. / Prevalence and determinants of prehypertension status in the Taiwanese general population. In: Journal of Hypertension. 2005 ; Vol. 23, No. 7. pp. 1355-1360.
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T1 - Prevalence and determinants of prehypertension status in the Taiwanese general population

AU - Tsai, Pei Shan

AU - Ke, Tian Lu

AU - Huang, Chun Jen

AU - Tsai, Jen Chen

AU - Chen, Ping Ling

AU - Wang, Shu-Yi

AU - Shiu, Yu-Kai

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N2 - Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of prehypertension and to compare the differences in demographic factors, anthropometric measurements, lifestyles and metabolic profiles between normotensive and prehypertensive individuals. Design: Data were based on the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT), a cross-sectional survey that adopted a multi-stage, stratified clustering sampling scheme. The data collection period was from 1 January 1993 to 31 December 1996. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of data previously collected. Data from 1039 men and 1186 women, aged 18-96 years, were analyzed. Results: Approximately 34% of Taiwanese adults had prehypertension. The prevalence rate of prehypertension was higher among men (36%) than women (32%). In univariable logistic analysis, sex, age group, age, waist-hip ratio (WHR) group, body mass index (BMI) group, waist circumference, blood sugar, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), cholesterol/HDL and smoking status were significantly associated with prehypertension status. Multivariable logistic regression revealed that age [odds ratio (OR) = 1.014, 95% confidence interval (Cl) = 1.004-1.0249] and BMI (OR = 1.106, 95% Cl = 1.051-1.165) were the determinants of prehypertension status in men. For women, age (OR = 1.033, 95% Cl = 1.022-1.044), waist circumference (OR = 1.031, 95% Cl = 1.012-1.051) and triglyceride (OR = 1.003, 95% Cl = 1.000-1.005) were the determinants of prehypertension. Conclusions: This study underscores the importance of general obesity and central obesity as risk factors for prehypertension in the Taiwanese adult population. These two indices of obesity have different impacts on men and women.

AB - Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of prehypertension and to compare the differences in demographic factors, anthropometric measurements, lifestyles and metabolic profiles between normotensive and prehypertensive individuals. Design: Data were based on the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT), a cross-sectional survey that adopted a multi-stage, stratified clustering sampling scheme. The data collection period was from 1 January 1993 to 31 December 1996. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of data previously collected. Data from 1039 men and 1186 women, aged 18-96 years, were analyzed. Results: Approximately 34% of Taiwanese adults had prehypertension. The prevalence rate of prehypertension was higher among men (36%) than women (32%). In univariable logistic analysis, sex, age group, age, waist-hip ratio (WHR) group, body mass index (BMI) group, waist circumference, blood sugar, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), cholesterol/HDL and smoking status were significantly associated with prehypertension status. Multivariable logistic regression revealed that age [odds ratio (OR) = 1.014, 95% confidence interval (Cl) = 1.004-1.0249] and BMI (OR = 1.106, 95% Cl = 1.051-1.165) were the determinants of prehypertension status in men. For women, age (OR = 1.033, 95% Cl = 1.022-1.044), waist circumference (OR = 1.031, 95% Cl = 1.012-1.051) and triglyceride (OR = 1.003, 95% Cl = 1.000-1.005) were the determinants of prehypertension. Conclusions: This study underscores the importance of general obesity and central obesity as risk factors for prehypertension in the Taiwanese adult population. These two indices of obesity have different impacts on men and women.

KW - Anthropometrics

KW - Central obesity

KW - General obesity

KW - Prehypertension determinants

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