Pretreatment Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio Predicts Survival and Liver Toxicity in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated With Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy

Cheng Hsiang Lo, Hsin Lun Lee, Chih Weim Hsiang, Jeng Fong Chiou, Meei Shyuan Lee, Shang Wen Chen, Po Chien Shen, Chun Shu Lin, Wei Chou Chang, Jen Fu Yang, Yang Hong Dai, Chun You Chen, Jason Chia-Hsien Cheng, Wen Yen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this study was to determine whether pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) could predict survival outcomes and liver toxicity in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR). Methods and Materials: In this retrospective study we collected pretreatment NLR of HCC patients treated with SABR between December 2007 and August 2018 and determined its association with overall survival (OS), progression-free survival, and radiation-related liver toxicity defined as an increase in the Child-Turcotte-Pugh score by ≥2 within 3 months after SABR in the absence of disease progression. Results: A total of 153 patients with a median follow-up of 13.3 months were included. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis found that an NLR ≥2.4 was optimum (area under the curve, 0.762; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.682-0.841, P < .001) for predicting poor 1-year OS (38.2% vs 83.6%, P < .001). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that NLR was significantly associated with OS, both as a continuous (P = .006) and a binary variable (NLR set at 2.4; P = .003). Multiple tumors (P = .003), macrovascular invasion (P = .024), extrahepatic spread (P = .002), and albumin-bilirubin score (P = .020) were also significant predictors of OS. Elevated NLR independently prognosticated poor progression-free survival (P = .016). Liver toxicity was seen in 22 evaluable patients (15.4%). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis found NLR ≥4.0 was optimum at predicting liver toxicity (31.4% vs 10.2%, P = .005). A higher NLR (P = .049) and albumin-bilirubin score (P = .002) were independent risk factors for liver toxicity. Conclusions: NLR is an objective and ubiquitous inflammatory marker that can predict OS and liver toxicity in HCC patients undergoing SABR. NLR could be a useful biomarker for patient risk stratification and therapeutic decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474-484
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume109
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pretreatment Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio Predicts Survival and Liver Toxicity in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated With Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this