Preseptal and orbital cellulitis

A 10-year review of hospitalized patients

I. Ting Liu, Shu Ching Kao, An Guor Wang, Chieh Chih Tsai, Chih Kai Liang, Wen-Ming Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Preseptal and orbital cellulitis range in severity from minor to potentially severe complications. The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical features of patients with preseptal or orbital cellulitis in one medical center in Taiwan, and to assess the effectiveness of treatments and the complications. Methods: Patients admitted between 1996 and 2005 to Taipei Veterans General Hospital under the diagnosis of preseptal or orbital cellulitis were retrospectively reviewed. The demographics, administrative history, past history, clinical presentations, treatments, and complications were analyzed. Results: In total, 94 patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for preseptal or orbital cellulitis were identified (67 had preseptal cellulitis, 27 had orbital cellulitis). While paranasal sinus disease was the most common predisposing cause in orbital cases, skin lesions in children and dacryocystitis in adults were the most common in preseptal cases. Microbiologic investigations showed variable results, but the most common pathogen isolated was Staphylococcus aureus. Cultures from eye swabs and local abscesses gave the highest positive yield. Blood cultures were taken in some patients, but the positive rate was extremely low. Treatments included intravenous antibiotics alone, or intravenous antibiotics combined with surgical drainage. Only one case had permanent ocular motility impairment after removal of the orbital foreign body. Conclusion: Despite the past history of potential morbidity and even mortality from orbital cellulitis, early diagnosis and prompt treatment with proper antibiotics and/or surgical intervention can achieve a good prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-422
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Chinese Medical Association
Volume69
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Orbital Cellulitis
antineoplaston A10
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Paranasal Sinus Diseases
History
Dacryocystitis
Veterans Hospitals
Cellulitis
Foreign Bodies
Taiwan
General Hospitals
Abscess
Staphylococcus aureus
Early Diagnosis
Drainage
Therapeutics
Demography
Morbidity
Skin
Mortality

Keywords

  • Cellulitis
  • Orbital
  • Preseptal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Preseptal and orbital cellulitis : A 10-year review of hospitalized patients. / Liu, I. Ting; Kao, Shu Ching; Wang, An Guor; Tsai, Chieh Chih; Liang, Chih Kai; Hsu, Wen-Ming.

In: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, Vol. 69, No. 9, 01.01.2006, p. 415-422.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Liu, I. Ting ; Kao, Shu Ching ; Wang, An Guor ; Tsai, Chieh Chih ; Liang, Chih Kai ; Hsu, Wen-Ming. / Preseptal and orbital cellulitis : A 10-year review of hospitalized patients. In: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association. 2006 ; Vol. 69, No. 9. pp. 415-422.
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