Presence of secretory cellular apoptosis susceptibility protein in cerebrospinal fluids of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage caused by stroke and neurotrauma

Jai Nien Tung, Tang Yi Tsao, Shun Liang Chen, Cheng Jeng Tai, Shing Chuan Shen, Ya Wen Cheng, Ming Chung Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a specialized structure that separates blood vessels from the central nervous system (CNS) and restricts the entry of biomolecules and cells into the brain. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) produced by interferon-γ-activated microglia (brain macrophages) is essential for disrupting the glia limitans of BBB, which is critical for lymphocytes penetration into brain capillaries in various CNS disorders. The cellular apoptosis susceptibility (CSE1L/CAS) protein has been shown to regulate MMP-2 secretion. METHODS: We examined if CSE1L played a role in regulating the progression of intracerebral brain hemorrhage disorders. RESULTS: CSE1L was detected by immunoblotting in cerebrospinal fluids (CSFs) of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage brain disorders, including stroke and neurotrauma. Interferon-γ treatment induced CSE1L expression and increased the secretions of CSE1L and MMP-2 by U937 macrophages. Moreover, tranfection of U937 macrophages with siRNA that targeted CSE1L inhibited interferon-γ-induced CSE1L and MMP-2 secretion by U937 macrophages. The numbers of lymphocytes in CSF were correlated with the levels of CSE1L and MMP-2 in patients' CSF. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that CSE1L plays a role in regulating MMP-2-mediated BBB breakdown and it may be a target for control of BBB permeability in intracerebral brain hemorrhage disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-398
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroendocrinology Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010



  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Cerebrospinal fluids
  • Interferon-γ
  • Matrix metalloproteinase-2
  • Microglia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Medicine(all)

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