Pparg pro12ala polymorphism with ckd in asians: A meta-analysis combined with a case-control study—a key for reaching null association

Hsiang Cheng Chen, Wei Teing Chen, Tzu Ling Sung, Dung Jang Tsai, Chin Lin, Hao Su, Yuh Feng Lin, Hung Yi Chiu, Sui Lung Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: So far, numerous meta-analyses have been published regarding the correlation between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) proline 12 alanine (Pro12Ala) gene polymorphism and chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, the results appear to be contradictory. Hence, this study is formulated with the objective of using existing meta-analysis data together with our research population to study the correlation between PPARG Pro12Ala gene polymorphism and CKD and evaluate whether an accurate result can be obtained. Methods: First, literature related to CKD and PPARG Pro12Ala available on the PubMed and EMBASE databases up to December 2016 was gathered from 20 publications. Then, the gathered results were combined with our case-control study of 1693 enrolled subjects and a trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed to verify existing evidence and determine whether a firm conclusion can be drawn. Results: The TSA results showed that the cumulative sample size for the Asian sample was 6078 and was sufficient to support a definite result. The results of this study confirmed that there is no obvious correlation between PPARG Pro12Ala and CKD for Asians (OR = 0.82 (95% CI = 0.66–1.02), I2 = 63.1%), but this was not confirmed for Caucasians. Furthermore, the case-control sample in our study was shown to be the key for reaching this conclusion. Conclusions: The meta-analysis results of this study suggest no significant correlation between PPARG Pro12Ala gene polymorphism and CKD for Asians after adding our samples, but not for Caucasian.

Original languageEnglish
Article number705
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalGenes
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Case-control study
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Gene polymorphism
  • Gene-environment interaction
  • Meta-analysis
  • Meta-regression
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor
  • Trial sequential analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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