Objective: To investigate whether combination treatment with Taohong Siwu Decoction (桃红四物汤, TSD) and recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) potentiate in reducing infarct volume and alleviate thromboembolic stroke in an in vivo rat model.
Method: Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to embolic middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and treated with rt-PA (4 and 8 mg/kg) alone (n=5), TSD [0.7 g/(kg·day)] alone (n=5), combination of rt-PA and TSD, 24 h after stroke. Rats were sacrificed at 14 days after treatment and lesion volumes were measured. To investigate the underlying mechanism of neuroprotective effect of the combination treatment, cleaved caspase-3, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) immunostaining were performed.
Results: Combination treatment significantly reduced infarct volume of cerebral ischemic regions compared with treatment of rt-PA and TSD alone and that of the saline control group (P
Conclusions: A combination of low-dose rt-PA and TSD after embolic stroke reduced infarct volume, improved cerebral blood flow and provided neuroprotection and these effects were associated with reduction of apoptosis and attenuation of HIF-1α, TNF-α and iNOS expression. These results provide a positive contribution to better understand the therapeutic value of the combination of TSD with rt-PA in ischemic stroke and may support further clinical evaluation.
- Chinese medicine
- hypoxia-induced factor-1α
- inducible nitric oxide synthase
- recombinant tissuse-type plasminogen activator
- Taohong Siwu Decoction
- thromboembolic stroke
- tumor necrosis factor α
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- Pharmacology (medical)