Post-treatment with cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript enhances infarct resolution, reinnervation, and angiogenesis in stroke rats - an MRI study

H. S. Liu, H. Shen, Y. Luo, B. J. Hoffer, Y. Wang, Y. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that post-treatment with cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) has neuroregenerative effects in animal models of stroke. The purpose of this study was to characterize CART-mediated neuronal and vascular repairments using non-invasive MRI techniques. Adult male rats were subjected to a 90 min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo). Animals were separated into two groups with similar infarction sizes, measured by T2-weighted MRI on Day 2 after MCAo, and were treated with CART or vehicle intranasally from Day 3 to Day 12. Diffusion tensor imaging was used to examine changes in plasticity of white matter elements. Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) was used to measure angiogenesis. Post-treatment with CART significantly increased fractional anisotropy (FA) in lesioned cortex on Days 10 and 25 post stroke. A significant correlation between the behavioral recovery in body asymmetry and the change in FA was shown, suggesting that behavioral recovery was associated with reinnervation to the lesioned hemisphere. CART also increased the intensity of SWI and the immunoreactivity of the vascular marker alpha-smooth muscle actin in lesioned cortex. Together, our data support a non-invasive treatment strategy for stroke through angiogenesis and reinnervation by CART.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-370
Number of pages10
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016

Fingerprint

Amphetamine
Cocaine
Magnetic resonance imaging
Rats
Stroke
Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction
Anisotropy
Blood Vessels
Animals
Diffusion tensor imaging
Imaging techniques
Recovery
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Infarction
Plasticity
Smooth Muscle
Muscle
Actins
Animal Models

Keywords

  • Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript
  • Fractional anisotropy
  • MRI
  • Susceptibility-weighted imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Post-treatment with cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript enhances infarct resolution, reinnervation, and angiogenesis in stroke rats - an MRI study. / Liu, H. S.; Shen, H.; Luo, Y.; Hoffer, B. J.; Wang, Y.; Yang, Y.

In: NMR in Biomedicine, Vol. 29, No. 3, 01.03.2016, p. 361-370.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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