Plant amphipathic proteins delay the hypersensitive response caused by harpin(PSS) and Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae

HJ Lin, HY Cheng, Cheng-Hsien Chen, HC Huang, Teng Yung Feng

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Harpin(Pss) from the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae is a proteinaceous elicitor that induces a hypersensitive response (HR) in non-host plants. The plant products which recognize harpin(Pss) in the triggering of the HR are not yet known. According to the elicitor-receptor model, we hypothesize that an exogenous cell membrane receptor infiltrated into the intercellular space will interfere with the interaction between harpin(Pss) and the putative receptor. We demonstrate a plant amphipathic protein (AP1) which can postpone the HR induced by harpin,,, as well as P. syringae pv. syringae. AP1 was extracted by solubilizing proteins from healthy leaves in the nonpolar n-octanol buffer followed by a polar Tris buffer. The amphipathic extracts were then further separated by gel filtration and anion exchange chromatography to obtain highly purified AP1. Similar proteins can be extracted From cotton, tomato, and sweet pepper. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of AP1 is conserved among cotton, tomato, and sweet pepper. The postponement of the harpin(Pss)-mediated HR was characterized as a competitive dosage-dependent pattern of AP1. An analysis of the bacterial population development indicates that the effect of AP1 on the postponement of bacteria-mediated HR was attributed to the suppression of bacterial growth during the early stages of the HR. The time course analysis of the infiltration indicates that the postponement of HR resulted from the co-interaction between AP1 and the bacteria. Based on these results, we suggest that the postponement of bacteria-mediated HR is due to the interference of the interaction between harpin(Pss) and the putative receptor in the plant. Our research provides a new approach to elucidating the role that plants may play in the nonhost response caused by pathogens. (C) 1997 Academic Press Limited.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-376
Number of pages10
JournalPhysiological and Molecular Plant Pathology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1997
Externally publishedYes




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