Physical properties of R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments and their kinetics of alkaline hydrolysis

Kai Jen Hsiao, Zhi Feng Jen, Jen Chang Yang, Lien Tai Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cationic dyeable poly(ethylene terephthalate) (CD-PET) was formed by copolymerizing dimethylterephthalate (DMT),5-sodium sulfonate dimethyl isophthalate (SIPM) with a molar ratio of 2% and ethylene glycol (EG). Blends of regular poly(ethylene terephthalate) (R-PET) and CD-PET were spun into hollow filaments. The filaments were then treated with aqueous NaOH. This study investigated the physical properties of R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments and their kinetic behavior of alkaline hydrolysis using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide angle x-ray diffraction (WAXD), the density gradient method, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), rheometer measurement and statistical analysis using the regression method. Experimental results indicate that the rate constant of alkaline hydrolysis was CD-PET hollow filaments >R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments > R-PET hollow filaments. For the alkaline hydrolysis kinetics equation of R-PET, CD-PET/R-PET polyblended and CD-PET hollow filaments: -dW/dt = KCαAβ, β is equal to 1. Moreover, R2 of the kinetics equation for α from 1.06 ∼ 1.29 was better than that of α = 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-60
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Polymer Research
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polyethylene Terephthalates
Polyethylene terephthalates
Hydrolysis
Physical properties
Kinetics
Gradient methods
Ethylene Glycol
Rheometers
Gel permeation chromatography
Ethylene glycol
Differential scanning calorimetry
Rate constants
Statistical methods

Keywords

  • CD-PET
  • Crystallinity
  • Density
  • Hollow filament
  • Hollow rate
  • Polyblended
  • R-PET
  • Regression analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Physical properties of R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments and their kinetics of alkaline hydrolysis. / Hsiao, Kai Jen; Jen, Zhi Feng; Yang, Jen Chang; Chen, Lien Tai.

In: Journal of Polymer Research, Vol. 9, No. 1, 03.2002, p. 53-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Cationic dyeable poly(ethylene terephthalate) (CD-PET) was formed by copolymerizing dimethylterephthalate (DMT),5-sodium sulfonate dimethyl isophthalate (SIPM) with a molar ratio of 2{\%} and ethylene glycol (EG). Blends of regular poly(ethylene terephthalate) (R-PET) and CD-PET were spun into hollow filaments. The filaments were then treated with aqueous NaOH. This study investigated the physical properties of R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments and their kinetic behavior of alkaline hydrolysis using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide angle x-ray diffraction (WAXD), the density gradient method, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), rheometer measurement and statistical analysis using the regression method. Experimental results indicate that the rate constant of alkaline hydrolysis was CD-PET hollow filaments >R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments > R-PET hollow filaments. For the alkaline hydrolysis kinetics equation of R-PET, CD-PET/R-PET polyblended and CD-PET hollow filaments: -dW/dt = KCαAβ, β is equal to 1. Moreover, R2 of the kinetics equation for α from 1.06 ∼ 1.29 was better than that of α = 1.",
keywords = "CD-PET, Crystallinity, Density, Hollow filament, Hollow rate, Polyblended, R-PET, Regression analysis",
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N2 - Cationic dyeable poly(ethylene terephthalate) (CD-PET) was formed by copolymerizing dimethylterephthalate (DMT),5-sodium sulfonate dimethyl isophthalate (SIPM) with a molar ratio of 2% and ethylene glycol (EG). Blends of regular poly(ethylene terephthalate) (R-PET) and CD-PET were spun into hollow filaments. The filaments were then treated with aqueous NaOH. This study investigated the physical properties of R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments and their kinetic behavior of alkaline hydrolysis using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide angle x-ray diffraction (WAXD), the density gradient method, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), rheometer measurement and statistical analysis using the regression method. Experimental results indicate that the rate constant of alkaline hydrolysis was CD-PET hollow filaments >R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments > R-PET hollow filaments. For the alkaline hydrolysis kinetics equation of R-PET, CD-PET/R-PET polyblended and CD-PET hollow filaments: -dW/dt = KCαAβ, β is equal to 1. Moreover, R2 of the kinetics equation for α from 1.06 ∼ 1.29 was better than that of α = 1.

AB - Cationic dyeable poly(ethylene terephthalate) (CD-PET) was formed by copolymerizing dimethylterephthalate (DMT),5-sodium sulfonate dimethyl isophthalate (SIPM) with a molar ratio of 2% and ethylene glycol (EG). Blends of regular poly(ethylene terephthalate) (R-PET) and CD-PET were spun into hollow filaments. The filaments were then treated with aqueous NaOH. This study investigated the physical properties of R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments and their kinetic behavior of alkaline hydrolysis using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide angle x-ray diffraction (WAXD), the density gradient method, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), rheometer measurement and statistical analysis using the regression method. Experimental results indicate that the rate constant of alkaline hydrolysis was CD-PET hollow filaments >R-PET/CD-PET polyblended hollow filaments > R-PET hollow filaments. For the alkaline hydrolysis kinetics equation of R-PET, CD-PET/R-PET polyblended and CD-PET hollow filaments: -dW/dt = KCαAβ, β is equal to 1. Moreover, R2 of the kinetics equation for α from 1.06 ∼ 1.29 was better than that of α = 1.

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