Physical and mental health status of staff working for people with intellectual disabilities in Taiwan

Measurement with the 36-Item Short-Form (SF-36) health survey

Jin Ding Lin, Tzong Nan Lee, Ching Hui Loh, Chia Feng Yen, Shang Wei Hsu, Jia Ling Wu, Chi Chieh Tang, Lan Ping Lin, Cordia M. Chu, Sheng Ru Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little explicit attention has been given to the generic health profile of staff working for people with intellectual disability in institutions. This study aimed to provide a profile of physical and mental health of staff working in disability welfare institutions, and to examine the possible demographic and organizational factors that explain an association with their health. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted to analyze 1243 staff (76% response rate) working in 24 institutions in Taiwan. The 36-Item Short-Form (SF-36) Taiwan version was used to measure their generic health status. The mean of Physical component scores (PCS) was slightly higher than Mental component scores (MCS) (50.83 vs. 45.12). With regard to each dimension among PCS, the mean score of Physical functioning (PF) was 57.14 (S.D. = 5.93), Role limitations-physical (RP) was 49.88 (S.D. = 9.69), Bodily pain (BP) was 52.14 (S.D. = 8.09) and General medical health (GH) was 51.50 (S.D. = 8.28). Among the MCS, Vitality (VT) was 46.19 (S.D. = 6.71); Social functioning (SF) was 46.44 (S.D. = 7.58); Role limitations-emotional (RE) was 47.30 (S.D. = 11.89) and Mental health (MH) was 43.58 (S.D. = 8.81). We found the generic health of staff working for people with intellectual disabilities were significantly lower in PCS and MCS than the Taiwan general population. Influences of staff's demographic and organizational characteristics on their health were also analyzed in the content. This study highlights the authorities and service providers need to continue to develop their awareness and understanding of the experiences that their staff encounters in the organizations, so that they can receive resources to support their positive health in working for people with intellectual disabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-546
Number of pages9
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Disabled Persons
Health Surveys
Taiwan
Intellectual Disability
Health Status
Mental Health
Health
Demography
Cross-Sectional Studies
Organizations
Pain
Population

Keywords

  • Health status
  • Intellectual disability
  • SF-36
  • Staff

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Physical and mental health status of staff working for people with intellectual disabilities in Taiwan : Measurement with the 36-Item Short-Form (SF-36) health survey. / Lin, Jin Ding; Lee, Tzong Nan; Loh, Ching Hui; Yen, Chia Feng; Hsu, Shang Wei; Wu, Jia Ling; Tang, Chi Chieh; Lin, Lan Ping; Chu, Cordia M.; Wu, Sheng Ru.

In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 30, No. 3, 01.05.2009, p. 538-546.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Jin Ding ; Lee, Tzong Nan ; Loh, Ching Hui ; Yen, Chia Feng ; Hsu, Shang Wei ; Wu, Jia Ling ; Tang, Chi Chieh ; Lin, Lan Ping ; Chu, Cordia M. ; Wu, Sheng Ru. / Physical and mental health status of staff working for people with intellectual disabilities in Taiwan : Measurement with the 36-Item Short-Form (SF-36) health survey. In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 2009 ; Vol. 30, No. 3. pp. 538-546.
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