Phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway is involved in mediating the anti-inflammation effects of magnesium sulfate

Nuan Yen Su, Tsui Chin Peng, Pei-Shan Tsai, Chun Jen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: We sought to elucidate whether enhancing phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt activity is a crucial mechanism underlying the anti-inflammation effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4). Materials and methods: Murinemacrophages (RAW264.7 cells)were stimulatedwith endotoxin, endotoxin plus MgSO4, or endotoxin plusMgSO4 plus PI3K inhibitor (LY294002 orwortmannin). Control groups were run simultaneously. After harvesting, we assayed the expression of inflammatory mediators, transcriptional factor nuclear factor kB (NF-κB), and Akt. Results: MgSO4 significantly attenuated endotoxin-induced upregulation of inflammatory mediators and NF-κB, as macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 had significantly lower tumor necrosis factor a (P =0.022), macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (P =0.040), phosphorylated (p)-NF-κB p65 (P =0.003) and p-inhibitor-κB (P <0.001) concentrations as well as lower NF-κB DNA binding (P =0.001) than macrophages treated with endotoxin alone. Moreover, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 plus LY294002 or wortmannin had significantly higher tumor necrosis factor a (P =0.013 and P <0.001), macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (P =0.023 and P =0.003), p-NF-κB p65 (P =0.006 and P <0.001), and p-inhibitor-κB (P =0.001 and P <0.001) concentrations, as well as higher NFκB DNA binding (P =0.038 and P =0.009), than macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4, suggesting that PI3K inhibitors reversed these effects of MgSO4. In contrast, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 had significantly higher p-Akt concentration than macrophages treated with endotoxin alone (P =0.004). Moreover, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO 4 also had significantly higher p-Akt concentration than macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 plus LY294002 or wortmannin (P =0.004 and P <0.001). Conclusions: Enhancing PI3K/Akt activity is a crucial mechanism underlying the antiinflammation effects of MgSO4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-732
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume185
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Fingerprint

Magnesium Sulfate
1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase
Endotoxins
Inflammation
Macrophages
2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one
Chemokine CXCL2
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
DNA
Up-Regulation

Keywords

  • Chemokine
  • Cytokine
  • Endotoxin
  • Macrophages
  • MgSO
  • NF-κB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway is involved in mediating the anti-inflammation effects of magnesium sulfate. / Su, Nuan Yen; Peng, Tsui Chin; Tsai, Pei-Shan; Huang, Chun Jen.

In: Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 185, No. 2, 12.2013, p. 726-732.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: We sought to elucidate whether enhancing phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt activity is a crucial mechanism underlying the anti-inflammation effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4). Materials and methods: Murinemacrophages (RAW264.7 cells)were stimulatedwith endotoxin, endotoxin plus MgSO4, or endotoxin plusMgSO4 plus PI3K inhibitor (LY294002 orwortmannin). Control groups were run simultaneously. After harvesting, we assayed the expression of inflammatory mediators, transcriptional factor nuclear factor kB (NF-κB), and Akt. Results: MgSO4 significantly attenuated endotoxin-induced upregulation of inflammatory mediators and NF-κB, as macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 had significantly lower tumor necrosis factor a (P =0.022), macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (P =0.040), phosphorylated (p)-NF-κB p65 (P =0.003) and p-inhibitor-κB (P <0.001) concentrations as well as lower NF-κB DNA binding (P =0.001) than macrophages treated with endotoxin alone. Moreover, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 plus LY294002 or wortmannin had significantly higher tumor necrosis factor a (P =0.013 and P <0.001), macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (P =0.023 and P =0.003), p-NF-κB p65 (P =0.006 and P <0.001), and p-inhibitor-κB (P =0.001 and P <0.001) concentrations, as well as higher NFκB DNA binding (P =0.038 and P =0.009), than macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4, suggesting that PI3K inhibitors reversed these effects of MgSO4. In contrast, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 had significantly higher p-Akt concentration than macrophages treated with endotoxin alone (P =0.004). Moreover, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO 4 also had significantly higher p-Akt concentration than macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 plus LY294002 or wortmannin (P =0.004 and P <0.001). Conclusions: Enhancing PI3K/Akt activity is a crucial mechanism underlying the antiinflammation effects of MgSO4.",
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T1 - Phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway is involved in mediating the anti-inflammation effects of magnesium sulfate

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AU - Peng, Tsui Chin

AU - Tsai, Pei-Shan

AU - Huang, Chun Jen

PY - 2013/12

Y1 - 2013/12

N2 - Background: We sought to elucidate whether enhancing phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt activity is a crucial mechanism underlying the anti-inflammation effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4). Materials and methods: Murinemacrophages (RAW264.7 cells)were stimulatedwith endotoxin, endotoxin plus MgSO4, or endotoxin plusMgSO4 plus PI3K inhibitor (LY294002 orwortmannin). Control groups were run simultaneously. After harvesting, we assayed the expression of inflammatory mediators, transcriptional factor nuclear factor kB (NF-κB), and Akt. Results: MgSO4 significantly attenuated endotoxin-induced upregulation of inflammatory mediators and NF-κB, as macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 had significantly lower tumor necrosis factor a (P =0.022), macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (P =0.040), phosphorylated (p)-NF-κB p65 (P =0.003) and p-inhibitor-κB (P <0.001) concentrations as well as lower NF-κB DNA binding (P =0.001) than macrophages treated with endotoxin alone. Moreover, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 plus LY294002 or wortmannin had significantly higher tumor necrosis factor a (P =0.013 and P <0.001), macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (P =0.023 and P =0.003), p-NF-κB p65 (P =0.006 and P <0.001), and p-inhibitor-κB (P =0.001 and P <0.001) concentrations, as well as higher NFκB DNA binding (P =0.038 and P =0.009), than macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4, suggesting that PI3K inhibitors reversed these effects of MgSO4. In contrast, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 had significantly higher p-Akt concentration than macrophages treated with endotoxin alone (P =0.004). Moreover, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO 4 also had significantly higher p-Akt concentration than macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 plus LY294002 or wortmannin (P =0.004 and P <0.001). Conclusions: Enhancing PI3K/Akt activity is a crucial mechanism underlying the antiinflammation effects of MgSO4.

AB - Background: We sought to elucidate whether enhancing phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt activity is a crucial mechanism underlying the anti-inflammation effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4). Materials and methods: Murinemacrophages (RAW264.7 cells)were stimulatedwith endotoxin, endotoxin plus MgSO4, or endotoxin plusMgSO4 plus PI3K inhibitor (LY294002 orwortmannin). Control groups were run simultaneously. After harvesting, we assayed the expression of inflammatory mediators, transcriptional factor nuclear factor kB (NF-κB), and Akt. Results: MgSO4 significantly attenuated endotoxin-induced upregulation of inflammatory mediators and NF-κB, as macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 had significantly lower tumor necrosis factor a (P =0.022), macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (P =0.040), phosphorylated (p)-NF-κB p65 (P =0.003) and p-inhibitor-κB (P <0.001) concentrations as well as lower NF-κB DNA binding (P =0.001) than macrophages treated with endotoxin alone. Moreover, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 plus LY294002 or wortmannin had significantly higher tumor necrosis factor a (P =0.013 and P <0.001), macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (P =0.023 and P =0.003), p-NF-κB p65 (P =0.006 and P <0.001), and p-inhibitor-κB (P =0.001 and P <0.001) concentrations, as well as higher NFκB DNA binding (P =0.038 and P =0.009), than macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4, suggesting that PI3K inhibitors reversed these effects of MgSO4. In contrast, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 had significantly higher p-Akt concentration than macrophages treated with endotoxin alone (P =0.004). Moreover, macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO 4 also had significantly higher p-Akt concentration than macrophages treated with endotoxin plus MgSO4 plus LY294002 or wortmannin (P =0.004 and P <0.001). Conclusions: Enhancing PI3K/Akt activity is a crucial mechanism underlying the antiinflammation effects of MgSO4.

KW - Chemokine

KW - Cytokine

KW - Endotoxin

KW - Macrophages

KW - MgSO

KW - NF-κB

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