Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway is involved in transforming growth factor-β1-induced phenotypic modulation of 10T1/2 cells to smooth muscle cells

Sheng Chieh Lien, Shunichi Usami, Shu Chien, Jeng Jiann Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is known to induce phenotypic modulation of mesenchymal cells to SMCs. However, the intracellular signals regulating induction of the SMC phenotype of mesenchymal cells have not been fully clarified. In the present study, we examined the role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) superfamily and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt in the TGF-β1-mediated phenotypic modulation of 10T1/2 mesenchymal cells to SMCs characterized by the expression of SMC-specific markers, including smooth muscle α-actin (SMα-actin), myosin heavy chain (SM-MHC), and protein 22-α (SM22α). The results showed the following: (1) TGF-β1 induced SMα-actin and SM-MHC expressions in 10T1/2 cells in a time-dependent manner. (2) TGF-β1 induced biphasic increases in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 MAPK, c-Jun-NH2-terminal kinase (JNK), and Akt phosphorylation. (3) The inhibitor for PI3K/Akt (i.e., LY294002), but not those for MAPKs (i.e., SB203580, PD98059, and SP600125), attenuated the TGF-β1-induced SMα-actin and SM-MHC expressions in 10T1/2 cells; in addition, transfection of 10T1/2 cells with the Akt-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) significantly reduced their SMα-actin and SM-MHC expressions. (4) LY294002 and the Akt-specific siRNA inhibited the TGF-β1-induced SM22α gene expression and promoter activity, suggesting that the TGF-β1-induced gene expression was mediated by PI3K/Akt at the transcriptional level. (5) LY294002 inhibited the TGF-β1-induced gene expression and DNA binding activity of serum response factor (SRF). These results indicate that TGF-β1 is capable of inducing the SMC phenotype of 10T1/2 cells and that this induction is mediated through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1270-1278
Number of pages9
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 10T1/2 mesenchymal cell
  • Signal transduction
  • Smooth muscle cell
  • Transforming growth factor-β1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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