Phenolic compounds rutin and o-coumaric acid ameliorate obesity induced by high-fat Diet in rats

Chin L. Hsu, Chi H. Wu, Shih L. Huang, Gow Chin Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

132 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dietary fat is one of the most important environmental factors associated with the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, the antiobesity effects of rutin (R) and o-coumaric acid (oCA) were investigated. Wistar rats were divided into normal and obese groups, and obese rats were prefed a high-fat diet (HFD) containing 40% beef tallow for 4 weeks. Then, R and oCA were given as a supplement to obese rats at doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg, respectively, for a period of 8 weeks. The results showed that body, liver organ, and adipose tissue weights of peritoneal and epididymal fat pads in the HFD+ R and HFD+oCA groups were significantly decreased as compared to those in the HFD group. Serum lipid profiles, insulin, and leptin were significantly decreased in the HFD+ R (high dose, HD) and HFD+oCA (HD) groups as compared to those in the HFD group. Hepatic triacylglycerol and cholesterol levels were significantly decreased in the HFD+ R (HD) and HFD+oCA (HD) groups as compared to those in the HFD group. Moreover, the consumption of R and oCA reduced oxidative stress and glutathione disulfide (GSSG) content, and enhanced the levels of glutathione (GSH), GSH peroxidase (GPx), GSH reductase (GRd), and GSH S-transferase (GST) in the hepatic tissue of rats with HFD-induced obesity. These results demonstrate that intake of R and oCA can be beneficial for the suppression of high-fat-diet-induced dyslipidemia, hepatosteatosis, and oxidative stress in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-431
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 28 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dyslipidemia
  • Hepatosteatosis
  • O-coumaric acid
  • Oxidative stress
  • Rutin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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