Phase transition and energy transfer of lead-free Cs2SnCl6 perovskite nanocrystals by controlling the precursors and doping manganese ions

Tsai Wei Lin, Chaochin Su, Chun Che Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Perovskite quantum dots (QDs), such as all-inorganic CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, and I), are novel fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) that have attracted tremendous attention due to their excellent optical properties and great applications (e.g. display backlights, light-emitting diodes, and photodetectors). The instability and toxicity of lead-based perovskite QDs, however, are intrinsic defects that obstruct their application and commercialization. Poison is released from the lead of the unstable CsPbX3 NCs, which are generally ascribed to the labile surface, ionic character, and metastable structure. In this work, lead-free Cs2SnCl6 perovskite NCs are successfully synthesized via hot injection. Particularly, by controlling the different precursor ratios, phase transition (CsCl to Cs2SnCl6) was clearly observed from X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. The Cs2SnCl6 NCs exhibited a highly efficient deep-blue emission at 425 nm, with a 55 nm Stokes shift and an 84 nm full width at half maximum (FWHM). After doping Mn ions, the preferred formation of CsSnCl3:Mn2+ with double-wavelength emission was demonstrated based on the XRD and photoluminescence spectra. The study showed that doping synthesis should be widely used in lead-free perovskite NCs as an important strategy for next-generation solid-state lighting.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Information Display
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Manganese
Perovskite
Energy transfer
Nanocrystals
Lead
Phase transitions
Doping (additives)
Ions
Semiconductor quantum dots
X ray diffraction
Poisons
Photodetectors
Full width at half maximum
Light emitting diodes
Toxicity
Photoluminescence
Optical properties
Lighting
perovskite
Semiconductor materials

Keywords

  • CsSnCl
  • doping
  • lead-free perovskite
  • phase transition
  • photoluminescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Phase transition and energy transfer of lead-free Cs2SnCl6 perovskite nanocrystals by controlling the precursors and doping manganese ions",
abstract = "Perovskite quantum dots (QDs), such as all-inorganic CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, and I), are novel fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) that have attracted tremendous attention due to their excellent optical properties and great applications (e.g. display backlights, light-emitting diodes, and photodetectors). The instability and toxicity of lead-based perovskite QDs, however, are intrinsic defects that obstruct their application and commercialization. Poison is released from the lead of the unstable CsPbX3 NCs, which are generally ascribed to the labile surface, ionic character, and metastable structure. In this work, lead-free Cs2SnCl6 perovskite NCs are successfully synthesized via hot injection. Particularly, by controlling the different precursor ratios, phase transition (CsCl to Cs2SnCl6) was clearly observed from X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. The Cs2SnCl6 NCs exhibited a highly efficient deep-blue emission at 425 nm, with a 55 nm Stokes shift and an 84 nm full width at half maximum (FWHM). After doping Mn ions, the preferred formation of CsSnCl3:Mn2+ with double-wavelength emission was demonstrated based on the XRD and photoluminescence spectra. The study showed that doping synthesis should be widely used in lead-free perovskite NCs as an important strategy for next-generation solid-state lighting.",
keywords = "CsSnCl, doping, lead-free perovskite, phase transition, photoluminescence",
author = "Lin, {Tsai Wei} and Chaochin Su and Lin, {Chun Che}",
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language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Information Display",
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AU - Lin, Tsai Wei

AU - Su, Chaochin

AU - Lin, Chun Che

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Perovskite quantum dots (QDs), such as all-inorganic CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, and I), are novel fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) that have attracted tremendous attention due to their excellent optical properties and great applications (e.g. display backlights, light-emitting diodes, and photodetectors). The instability and toxicity of lead-based perovskite QDs, however, are intrinsic defects that obstruct their application and commercialization. Poison is released from the lead of the unstable CsPbX3 NCs, which are generally ascribed to the labile surface, ionic character, and metastable structure. In this work, lead-free Cs2SnCl6 perovskite NCs are successfully synthesized via hot injection. Particularly, by controlling the different precursor ratios, phase transition (CsCl to Cs2SnCl6) was clearly observed from X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. The Cs2SnCl6 NCs exhibited a highly efficient deep-blue emission at 425 nm, with a 55 nm Stokes shift and an 84 nm full width at half maximum (FWHM). After doping Mn ions, the preferred formation of CsSnCl3:Mn2+ with double-wavelength emission was demonstrated based on the XRD and photoluminescence spectra. The study showed that doping synthesis should be widely used in lead-free perovskite NCs as an important strategy for next-generation solid-state lighting.

AB - Perovskite quantum dots (QDs), such as all-inorganic CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, and I), are novel fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) that have attracted tremendous attention due to their excellent optical properties and great applications (e.g. display backlights, light-emitting diodes, and photodetectors). The instability and toxicity of lead-based perovskite QDs, however, are intrinsic defects that obstruct their application and commercialization. Poison is released from the lead of the unstable CsPbX3 NCs, which are generally ascribed to the labile surface, ionic character, and metastable structure. In this work, lead-free Cs2SnCl6 perovskite NCs are successfully synthesized via hot injection. Particularly, by controlling the different precursor ratios, phase transition (CsCl to Cs2SnCl6) was clearly observed from X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. The Cs2SnCl6 NCs exhibited a highly efficient deep-blue emission at 425 nm, with a 55 nm Stokes shift and an 84 nm full width at half maximum (FWHM). After doping Mn ions, the preferred formation of CsSnCl3:Mn2+ with double-wavelength emission was demonstrated based on the XRD and photoluminescence spectra. The study showed that doping synthesis should be widely used in lead-free perovskite NCs as an important strategy for next-generation solid-state lighting.

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