The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of sevoflurane uptake into the brain and body by comparing sevoflurane concentrations in internal jugular-bulb blood (Jsev), arterial blood (Asev) and pulmonary arterial blood (PAsev) over a fixed inspired sevoflurane concentration. Ten patients (aged 51-73 years), undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery were enrolled in this study. They were anaesthetised using a constant 3.5% inspired sevoflurane concentration (CIsev) during the first hour of anaesthesia. During constant volume-controlled ventilation, we measured CIsev and end-tidal sevoflurane (CEsev) using infrared analysis. The sevoflurane concentration in the blood was analysed using gas chromatography, and cardiac output was measured using an Opti-Q pulmonary artery catheter. We found that it took 40 min for the brain concentration to equilibrate with arterial blood (Asev). Both CIsev-CEsev and Asev-PAsev gradients persisted during the study period. There was no further uptake of sevoflurane into the brain after 40 min; however, there was near-constant uptake into the body.
- Anaesthetics, volatile: sevoflurane
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine