Peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor-α protects renal tubular cells from doxorubicin-induced apoptosis

Heng Lin, Chun Cheng Hou, Ching Feng Cheng, Ted H. Chiu, Yung Ho Hsu, Yuh Mou Sue, Tso Hsiao Chen, Hsin Han Hou, Ying Chi Chao, Tzu Hurng Cheng, Cheng Hsien Chen

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Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) is a transcription factor and has been reported to inhibit cisplatin-mediated proximal tubule cell death. In addition, doxorubicin (Adriamycin)-induced nephrosis in rats is a commonly used experimental model for pharmacological studies of human chronic renal diseases. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of PPAR-α on doxorubicin-induced apoptosis and its detailed mechanism in NRK-52E cells and animal models. The mRNA level of PPAR-α was found to be reduced by doxorubicin treatment in NRK-52E cells. PPAR-α overexpression in NRK-52E cells significantly inhibited doxorubicin-induced apoptosis and the quantity of cleaved caspase-3. Endogenous prostacyclin (PGI2) augmentation, which has been reported to protect NRK-52E cells from doxorubicin-induced apoptosis, induced the translocation and activation of PPAR-α. The transformation of PPAR-α short interfering RNA was applied to silence the PPAR-αgene, which abolished the protective effect of PGI2 augmentation in doxorubicin-treated cells. To confirm the protective role of PPAR-α in vivo, PPAR-α activator docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was administered to doxorubicin-treated mice, and it has been shown to significantly reduce the doxorubicin-induced apoptotic cells in renal cortex. However, this protective effect of DHA did not exist in PPAR-α-deficient mice. In NRK-52E cells, the overexpression of PPAR-α elevated the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase and inhibited doxorubicin-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS). PPAR-α overexpression also inhibited the doxorubicin-induced activity of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), which was associated with the interaction between PPAR-α and NF-κB p65 subunit as revealed in immunoprecipitation assays. Therefore, PPAR-α is capable of inhibiting doxorubicin-induced ROS and NF-κB activity and protecting NRK-52E cells from doxorubicin-induced apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1238-1245
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume72
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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