Performance evaluation for carbonation of steel-making slags in a slurry reactor

E. E. Chang, Chung Hua Chen, Yi Hung Chen, Shu Yuan Pan, Pen Chi Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CO2 sequestration by the aqueous carbonation of steel-making slag under various operational conditions was investigated in this study. The effects of the operational conditions, including type of steel-making slag, reaction time, reaction temperature, and CO2 flow rate, on the performance of the carbonation process were evaluated. The results indicated that the BOF slag had the highest carbonation conversion, approximately 72%, at a reaction time of 1h, an operating pressure of 101kPa and a temperature of 60°C due to its higher BET surface area of BOF slag compared to UF, FA, and BHC slags. The major factors affecting the carbonation conversion are reaction time and temperature. The reaction kinetics of the carbonation conversion can be expressed by the shrinking-core model. The measurements of the carbonated material by the SEM and XRD instruments provide evidence indicating the suitability of using the shrinking-core model in this investigation. Comparison of the results with other studies suggests that aqueous carbonation by slurry reactor is viable due to its higher mass transfer rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)558-564
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume186
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2011

Fingerprint

Carbonation
Steel
slag
Slags
slurry
steel
Temperature
Conversion Disorder
temperature
Pressure
reaction kinetics
carbon sequestration
mass transfer
Reaction kinetics
surface area
scanning electron microscopy
X-ray diffraction
evaluation
reactor
Mass transfer

Keywords

  • Aqueous carbonation
  • Basic oxygen furnace slag
  • Calcite
  • Kinetics
  • Mineral sequestration of CO
  • Shrinking-core model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Performance evaluation for carbonation of steel-making slags in a slurry reactor. / Chang, E. E.; Chen, Chung Hua; Chen, Yi Hung; Pan, Shu Yuan; Chiang, Pen Chi.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 186, No. 1, 15.02.2011, p. 558-564.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, E. E. ; Chen, Chung Hua ; Chen, Yi Hung ; Pan, Shu Yuan ; Chiang, Pen Chi. / Performance evaluation for carbonation of steel-making slags in a slurry reactor. In: Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2011 ; Vol. 186, No. 1. pp. 558-564.
@article{898706308107404895e4f0a8f9be0945,
title = "Performance evaluation for carbonation of steel-making slags in a slurry reactor",
abstract = "CO2 sequestration by the aqueous carbonation of steel-making slag under various operational conditions was investigated in this study. The effects of the operational conditions, including type of steel-making slag, reaction time, reaction temperature, and CO2 flow rate, on the performance of the carbonation process were evaluated. The results indicated that the BOF slag had the highest carbonation conversion, approximately 72{\%}, at a reaction time of 1h, an operating pressure of 101kPa and a temperature of 60°C due to its higher BET surface area of BOF slag compared to UF, FA, and BHC slags. The major factors affecting the carbonation conversion are reaction time and temperature. The reaction kinetics of the carbonation conversion can be expressed by the shrinking-core model. The measurements of the carbonated material by the SEM and XRD instruments provide evidence indicating the suitability of using the shrinking-core model in this investigation. Comparison of the results with other studies suggests that aqueous carbonation by slurry reactor is viable due to its higher mass transfer rate.",
keywords = "Aqueous carbonation, Basic oxygen furnace slag, Calcite, Kinetics, Mineral sequestration of CO, Shrinking-core model",
author = "Chang, {E. E.} and Chen, {Chung Hua} and Chen, {Yi Hung} and Pan, {Shu Yuan} and Chiang, {Pen Chi}",
year = "2011",
month = "2",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.11.038",
language = "English",
volume = "186",
pages = "558--564",
journal = "Journal of Hazardous Materials",
issn = "0304-3894",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance evaluation for carbonation of steel-making slags in a slurry reactor

AU - Chang, E. E.

AU - Chen, Chung Hua

AU - Chen, Yi Hung

AU - Pan, Shu Yuan

AU - Chiang, Pen Chi

PY - 2011/2/15

Y1 - 2011/2/15

N2 - CO2 sequestration by the aqueous carbonation of steel-making slag under various operational conditions was investigated in this study. The effects of the operational conditions, including type of steel-making slag, reaction time, reaction temperature, and CO2 flow rate, on the performance of the carbonation process were evaluated. The results indicated that the BOF slag had the highest carbonation conversion, approximately 72%, at a reaction time of 1h, an operating pressure of 101kPa and a temperature of 60°C due to its higher BET surface area of BOF slag compared to UF, FA, and BHC slags. The major factors affecting the carbonation conversion are reaction time and temperature. The reaction kinetics of the carbonation conversion can be expressed by the shrinking-core model. The measurements of the carbonated material by the SEM and XRD instruments provide evidence indicating the suitability of using the shrinking-core model in this investigation. Comparison of the results with other studies suggests that aqueous carbonation by slurry reactor is viable due to its higher mass transfer rate.

AB - CO2 sequestration by the aqueous carbonation of steel-making slag under various operational conditions was investigated in this study. The effects of the operational conditions, including type of steel-making slag, reaction time, reaction temperature, and CO2 flow rate, on the performance of the carbonation process were evaluated. The results indicated that the BOF slag had the highest carbonation conversion, approximately 72%, at a reaction time of 1h, an operating pressure of 101kPa and a temperature of 60°C due to its higher BET surface area of BOF slag compared to UF, FA, and BHC slags. The major factors affecting the carbonation conversion are reaction time and temperature. The reaction kinetics of the carbonation conversion can be expressed by the shrinking-core model. The measurements of the carbonated material by the SEM and XRD instruments provide evidence indicating the suitability of using the shrinking-core model in this investigation. Comparison of the results with other studies suggests that aqueous carbonation by slurry reactor is viable due to its higher mass transfer rate.

KW - Aqueous carbonation

KW - Basic oxygen furnace slag

KW - Calcite

KW - Kinetics

KW - Mineral sequestration of CO

KW - Shrinking-core model

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79551564006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79551564006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.11.038

DO - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.11.038

M3 - Article

VL - 186

SP - 558

EP - 564

JO - Journal of Hazardous Materials

JF - Journal of Hazardous Materials

SN - 0304-3894

IS - 1

ER -