The purposes of this study were to explore the coping strategies used by patients with chronic low back pain, to test hypothesized mediators of the relationship between self-efficacy and pain outcomes, and to determine the roles of self-efficacy and outcome expectancies in coping with pain in patients (N = 85) with chronic low back pain. The most common coping behaviors were reporting pain, using pain medications, and coping self-statements. Patients' self-efficacy to cope with pain was inversely correlated with pain intensity. Self-efficacy was positively correlated with perseverance of coping effort. Perseverance of coping effort was found to mediate the effects of self-efficacy on pain outcomes; however, level of distress was not found to be a mediator. Outcome expectancies were positively correlated with perseverance of coping effort. These findings are discussed in terms of implications for practice and directions for future research.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Research in Nursing and Health|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1996|
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