Perceived Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancies in Coping with Chronic Low Back Pain

Chia-Chin Lin, Sandra E. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to explore the coping strategies used by patients with chronic low back pain, to test hypothesized mediators of the relationship between self-efficacy and pain outcomes, and to determine the roles of self-efficacy and outcome expectancies in coping with pain in patients (N = 85) with chronic low back pain. The most common coping behaviors were reporting pain, using pain medications, and coping self-statements. Patients' self-efficacy to cope with pain was inversely correlated with pain intensity. Self-efficacy was positively correlated with perseverance of coping effort. Perseverance of coping effort was found to mediate the effects of self-efficacy on pain outcomes; however, level of distress was not found to be a mediator. Outcome expectancies were positively correlated with perseverance of coping effort. These findings are discussed in terms of implications for practice and directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-310
Number of pages12
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Volume19
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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