Peanut consumption and reduced risk of colorectal cancer in women: A prospective study in Taiwan

Chih Ching Yeh, San Lin You, Chien Jen Chen, Fung Chang Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To examine whether peanut consumption is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer in a prospective cohort with a 10-year follow-up. Methods: In 1990-1992, residents (12026 men and 11917 women aged 30 to 65 years) in 7 townships, Taiwan, were interviewed and recruited into a cancer-screening cohort and annually followed up. Colorectal cancer cases in this cohort were identified from cancer registry and death certificates. Incidence rates of this disease by the end of 2001 were calculated by gender for the primary study variable and covariates. The dietary intake was assessed by means of weekly food frequency measures, including frequently consumed food groups and folk dishes including sweet potato, bean products, peanut products, pickled foodstuffs, nitrated or smoked foodstuffs. Results: During the study period, 107 new colorectal cancer cases (68 men and 39 women) were confirmed. The multivariate Cox's proportional hazard model showed that the relative risk (RR) of peanut consumption was 0.73 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.44-1.21] for men and 0.42 (95% CI = 0.21-0.84) for women. However, frequent intake of pickled foodstuffs was harmful for women (RR = 2.15, 95% CI = 0.99-4.65). The risk of colorectal cancer was also elevated among cigarette smokers but not significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: This study suggests that frequent intake of peanut and its products may reduce colorectal cancer risk in women, demonstrating the anti-proliferating effect of peanut intake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-227
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 14 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Taiwan
Colorectal Neoplasms
Prospective Studies
Confidence Intervals
Ipomoea batatas
Food
Death Certificates
Early Detection of Cancer
Proportional Hazards Models
Tobacco Products
Registries
Arachis
Incidence
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Diet
  • Gender difference
  • Peanuts
  • Prospective study
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Peanut consumption and reduced risk of colorectal cancer in women : A prospective study in Taiwan. / Yeh, Chih Ching; You, San Lin; Chen, Chien Jen; Sung, Fung Chang.

In: World Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol. 12, No. 2, 14.01.2006, p. 222-227.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yeh, Chih Ching ; You, San Lin ; Chen, Chien Jen ; Sung, Fung Chang. / Peanut consumption and reduced risk of colorectal cancer in women : A prospective study in Taiwan. In: World Journal of Gastroenterology. 2006 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 222-227.
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