Pathway analysis for identification of potential biomarkers in severe cutaneous drug hypersensitivity reactions

Abdallah Ahmed Elbakkoush, Suleman Atique, Anas Khaleel, Chien-Tsai Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To construct a cluster model or a gene signature for Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) using pathways analysis in order to identify some potential biomarkers that may be used for early detection of SJS and epidermal necrolysis (TEN) manifestations.Methods: Gene expression profiles of GSE12829 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database. A total of 193 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained. We applied these genes to geneMANIA database, to remove ambiguous and duplicated genes, and after that, characterized the gene expression profiles using geneMANIA, DAVID, REACTOME, STRING and GENECODIS which are online software and databases.Results: Out of 193 genes, only 91 were used (after removing the ambiguous and duplicated genes) for topological analysis. It was found by geneMANIA database search that majority of these genes were coexpressed yielding 84.63 % co-expression. It was found that ten genes were in Physical interactions comprising almost 14.33 %. There were < 1 % pathway and genetic interactions with values of 0.97 and 0.06 %, respectively. Final analyses revealed that there are two clusters of gene interactions and 13 genes were shown to be in evident relationship of interaction with regards to hypersensitivity.Conclusion: Analysis of differential gene expressions by topological and database approaches in the current study reveals 2 gene network clusters. These genes are CD3G, CD3E, CD3D, TK1, TOP2A, CDK1, CDKN3, CCNB1, and CCNF. There are 9 key protein interactions in hypersensitivity reactions and may serve as biomarkers for SJS and TEN. Pathways related gene clusters has been identified and a genetic model to predict SJS and TEN early incidence using these biomarker genes has been developed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1839-1845
JournalTropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Volume15
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Drug Hypersensitivity
Biomarkers
Skin
Genes
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
Databases
Multigene Family
Transcriptome
Hypersensitivity
Gene Expression
Gene Regulatory Networks
Genetic Models
Software

Keywords

  • Steven-Johnson Syndrome
  • Toxic epidermal necrolysis
  • Differentially expressed genes
  • Hypersensitivity reactions
  • Genes
  • Biomarkers

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Pathway analysis for identification of potential biomarkers in severe cutaneous drug hypersensitivity reactions. / Elbakkoush, Abdallah Ahmed; Atique, Suleman; Khaleel, Anas; Liu, Chien-Tsai.

In: Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 15, No. 9, 2016, p. 1839-1845.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elbakkoush, Abdallah Ahmed ; Atique, Suleman ; Khaleel, Anas ; Liu, Chien-Tsai. / Pathway analysis for identification of potential biomarkers in severe cutaneous drug hypersensitivity reactions. In: Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2016 ; Vol. 15, No. 9. pp. 1839-1845.
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abstract = "Purpose: To construct a cluster model or a gene signature for Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) using pathways analysis in order to identify some potential biomarkers that may be used for early detection of SJS and epidermal necrolysis (TEN) manifestations.Methods: Gene expression profiles of GSE12829 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database. A total of 193 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained. We applied these genes to geneMANIA database, to remove ambiguous and duplicated genes, and after that, characterized the gene expression profiles using geneMANIA, DAVID, REACTOME, STRING and GENECODIS which are online software and databases.Results: Out of 193 genes, only 91 were used (after removing the ambiguous and duplicated genes) for topological analysis. It was found by geneMANIA database search that majority of these genes were coexpressed yielding 84.63 {\%} co-expression. It was found that ten genes were in Physical interactions comprising almost 14.33 {\%}. There were < 1 {\%} pathway and genetic interactions with values of 0.97 and 0.06 {\%}, respectively. Final analyses revealed that there are two clusters of gene interactions and 13 genes were shown to be in evident relationship of interaction with regards to hypersensitivity.Conclusion: Analysis of differential gene expressions by topological and database approaches in the current study reveals 2 gene network clusters. These genes are CD3G, CD3E, CD3D, TK1, TOP2A, CDK1, CDKN3, CCNB1, and CCNF. There are 9 key protein interactions in hypersensitivity reactions and may serve as biomarkers for SJS and TEN. Pathways related gene clusters has been identified and a genetic model to predict SJS and TEN early incidence using these biomarker genes has been developed.",
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AU - Elbakkoush, Abdallah Ahmed

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AU - Khaleel, Anas

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N2 - Purpose: To construct a cluster model or a gene signature for Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) using pathways analysis in order to identify some potential biomarkers that may be used for early detection of SJS and epidermal necrolysis (TEN) manifestations.Methods: Gene expression profiles of GSE12829 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database. A total of 193 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained. We applied these genes to geneMANIA database, to remove ambiguous and duplicated genes, and after that, characterized the gene expression profiles using geneMANIA, DAVID, REACTOME, STRING and GENECODIS which are online software and databases.Results: Out of 193 genes, only 91 were used (after removing the ambiguous and duplicated genes) for topological analysis. It was found by geneMANIA database search that majority of these genes were coexpressed yielding 84.63 % co-expression. It was found that ten genes were in Physical interactions comprising almost 14.33 %. There were < 1 % pathway and genetic interactions with values of 0.97 and 0.06 %, respectively. Final analyses revealed that there are two clusters of gene interactions and 13 genes were shown to be in evident relationship of interaction with regards to hypersensitivity.Conclusion: Analysis of differential gene expressions by topological and database approaches in the current study reveals 2 gene network clusters. These genes are CD3G, CD3E, CD3D, TK1, TOP2A, CDK1, CDKN3, CCNB1, and CCNF. There are 9 key protein interactions in hypersensitivity reactions and may serve as biomarkers for SJS and TEN. Pathways related gene clusters has been identified and a genetic model to predict SJS and TEN early incidence using these biomarker genes has been developed.

AB - Purpose: To construct a cluster model or a gene signature for Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) using pathways analysis in order to identify some potential biomarkers that may be used for early detection of SJS and epidermal necrolysis (TEN) manifestations.Methods: Gene expression profiles of GSE12829 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database. A total of 193 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained. We applied these genes to geneMANIA database, to remove ambiguous and duplicated genes, and after that, characterized the gene expression profiles using geneMANIA, DAVID, REACTOME, STRING and GENECODIS which are online software and databases.Results: Out of 193 genes, only 91 were used (after removing the ambiguous and duplicated genes) for topological analysis. It was found by geneMANIA database search that majority of these genes were coexpressed yielding 84.63 % co-expression. It was found that ten genes were in Physical interactions comprising almost 14.33 %. There were < 1 % pathway and genetic interactions with values of 0.97 and 0.06 %, respectively. Final analyses revealed that there are two clusters of gene interactions and 13 genes were shown to be in evident relationship of interaction with regards to hypersensitivity.Conclusion: Analysis of differential gene expressions by topological and database approaches in the current study reveals 2 gene network clusters. These genes are CD3G, CD3E, CD3D, TK1, TOP2A, CDK1, CDKN3, CCNB1, and CCNF. There are 9 key protein interactions in hypersensitivity reactions and may serve as biomarkers for SJS and TEN. Pathways related gene clusters has been identified and a genetic model to predict SJS and TEN early incidence using these biomarker genes has been developed.

KW - Steven-Johnson Syndrome

KW - Toxic epidermal necrolysis

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KW - Hypersensitivity reactions

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