Paired human chorionic gonadotrophin determinations for the prediction of pregnancy outcome in assisted reproduction

Chin Der Chen, Hong Nerng Ho, Ming Yih Wu, Kuang Han Chao, Shee Uan Chen, Yu Shih Yang

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28 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of single and paired measurements of serum concentrations of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) for successful pregnancy following in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and tubal embryo transfer (TET). We analysed serum HCG concentrations 15 and 22 days after IVF or TET in 198 conception cycles. Cut-off values of serum HCG were determined by a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. On the basis of single HCG samples on day 15 (HCG 15 ) after transfer, using a cut-off value of HCG 15 = 150 mIU/ml, the sensitivity was 71% and the specificity was 77%. The positive predictive value (HCG 15 ≤ 150 mIU/ml indicating a normal pregnancy) was 89%, while the negative predictive rate (HCG 15 < 150 mIU/ml indicating an abnormal pregnancy) was 51%. Patients with HCG 15 < 150 mIU/ml but HCG 22 /HCG 15 ratio ≤ 15, still had a 90% chance of normal pregnancy. However, in patients with HCG 15 < 150 mIU/ml and an HCG 22 /HCG 15 ratio < 15, there was an 84% chance of an abnormal pregnancy. We conclude that a single HCG 15 determination combined with the ratio of HCG 22 to HCG 15 has a higher diagnostic accuracy for prediction of pregnancy outcome than either analysis alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2538-2541
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes



  • Assisted reproduction
  • HCG
  • Pregnancy outcome
  • Receiver operating characteristic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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