Outbreak of aseptic meningitis among adults in southern Taiwan

Chih Hsiang Kao, S. S J Lee, Yung Ching Liu, Muh Yong Yen, Yao Shen Chen, Shue R. Wan, Hsi Hsun Lin, Wei R. Lin, Chun K. Huang, Chuen Chin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 38 adult cases of aseptic meningitis were diagnosed based on clinical manifestations as well as examination of cerebrospinal fluid at Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in 2001. The majority (31 cases, 82%) of cases occurred between June and August, and most (33 cases, 87%) of them aged from 18 to 35 years (median age, 25 years). The male-to-female ratio was 2.16: 1. Common clinical presentations included headache, fever, nausea or vomiting, and symptoms of common cold. On initial cerebrospinal fluid examination, white cell counts were above 500 cells/mm3 in 7 (18%) cases, and neutrophils predominated in 10 (28%) of 36 cases. The cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration was below 100 mg/dL in 29 (77%) of 38 cases, and hypoglycorrhachia (cerebrospinal fluid/serum glucose ratio 2 = 12.05, p=0.007). All patients were discharged uneventfully without receiving antibiotic therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-196
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
Volume36
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aseptic meningitis
  • Echovirus
  • Outbreak
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Microbiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Kao, C. H., Lee, S. S. J., Liu, Y. C., Yen, M. Y., Chen, Y. S., Wan, S. R., Lin, H. H., Lin, W. R., Huang, C. K., & Chin, C. (2003). Outbreak of aseptic meningitis among adults in southern Taiwan. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, 36(3), 192-196.