Orally administered iodinated recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (125I-rhIGF-I) is poorly absorbed by the newborn piglet

Sharon M. Donovan, Jane Chen Jui Chao, Ruurd T. Zijlstra, Jack Odie

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Abstract

Background: The purpose of the current study was to determine the degree to which milk-borne insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is absorbed. Methods: Cesarean-derived piglets were fitted with umbilical arterial and venous catheters within 2 h of birth and were administered formula containing 21.7 ± 1.8 μCi of iodinated recombinant human IGF-1 (125I-rhIGF-I) by orgogastric garage. Blood samples were taken before administration of the 125I-rhIGF-I (t0) and for 4 h postgavage. Plasma was obtained by centrifugation and total and trichloroacetic acid precipitable radioacitvity were determined. Immunoreactive 125I-rhIGF-I was assessed using a polyclonal antibody to human IGF-I. Four hours after feeding, intestines were removed, divided into 13 segments, and flushed with saline. Radioactivity within the small intestinal lumen and wall were measured. Results: Radioactivity in portal blood was higher than tO at all times points (p <0.05), whereas arterial radioactivity did not differ from to until 30 min postgavage. On average 18-20% of total radioactivity in both portal and arterial blood was acidprecipitable, with the proportion decreasing over time (p <0.001). Immunoprecipitable radioactivity averaged 3-5% of the total radioactivity and was higher in portal than arterial blood (p <0.05). Based on a plasma volume of 0.062 ± 0.005 L and a baseline plasma IGF-I concentration of 1.81 ± 0.56 nmol/L, absorbed 125I-rhIGF-I represented 0.205% of the total plasma IFG-I pool, whereas 14% of the dose was associated with the lining of the intestine. Conclusions: Absorption of orally administered IGF-I does not contribute significantly to circulating IGF-I.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-182
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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Keywords

  • Intestine
  • Piglet Milk
  • Soy Insulin like growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Histology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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