Open vs. Closed Skill Sports and the Modulation of Inhibitory Control

Chun Hao Wang, Che Chien Chang, Yen Ming Liang, Chun Ming Shih, Wen Sheng Chiu, Philip Tseng, Daisy L. Hung, Ovid J L Tzeng, Neil G. Muggleton, Chi Hung Juan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Inhibitory control, or the ability to suppress planned but inappropriate prepotent actions in the current environment, plays an important role in the control of human performance. Evidence from empirical studies utilizing a sport-specific design has shown that athletes have superior inhibitory control. However, less is known about whether this superiority might (1) still be seen in a general cognitive task without a sport-related context; (2) be modulated differentially by different sporting expertise (e.g., tennis versus swimming). Methodology/Principal Findings: Here we compared inhibitory control across tennis players, swimmers and sedentary non-athletic controls using a stop-signal task without a sport-specific design. Our primary finding showed that tennis players had shorter stop-signal reaction times (SSRTs) when compared to swimmers and sedentary controls, whereas no difference was found between swimmers and sedentary controls. Importantly, this effect was further confirmed after considering potential confounding factors (e.g., BMI, training experience, estimated levels of physical activity and VO2max), indicative of better ability to inhibit unrequired responses in tennis players. Conclusions/Significance: This suggests that fundamental inhibitory control in athletes can benefit from open skill training. Sport with both physical and cognitive demands may provide a potential clinical intervention for those who have difficulties in inhibitory control.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere55773
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 13 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Tennis
Sports
sports
Modulation
Aptitude
athletes
Athletes
physical activity
Reaction Time
Exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Wang, C. H., Chang, C. C., Liang, Y. M., Shih, C. M., Chiu, W. S., Tseng, P., ... Juan, C. H. (2013). Open vs. Closed Skill Sports and the Modulation of Inhibitory Control. PLoS One, 8(2), [e55773]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055773

Open vs. Closed Skill Sports and the Modulation of Inhibitory Control. / Wang, Chun Hao; Chang, Che Chien; Liang, Yen Ming; Shih, Chun Ming; Chiu, Wen Sheng; Tseng, Philip; Hung, Daisy L.; Tzeng, Ovid J L; Muggleton, Neil G.; Juan, Chi Hung.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 8, No. 2, e55773, 13.02.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, CH, Chang, CC, Liang, YM, Shih, CM, Chiu, WS, Tseng, P, Hung, DL, Tzeng, OJL, Muggleton, NG & Juan, CH 2013, 'Open vs. Closed Skill Sports and the Modulation of Inhibitory Control', PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 2, e55773. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055773
Wang, Chun Hao ; Chang, Che Chien ; Liang, Yen Ming ; Shih, Chun Ming ; Chiu, Wen Sheng ; Tseng, Philip ; Hung, Daisy L. ; Tzeng, Ovid J L ; Muggleton, Neil G. ; Juan, Chi Hung. / Open vs. Closed Skill Sports and the Modulation of Inhibitory Control. In: PLoS One. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 2.
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