This paper investigates whether investors can improve their investment opportunity sets through the addition of commodity exchange traded funds (ETFs) into various groupings of benchmark portfolios from the perspective of the US investors. Applying mean-variance spanning tests, we analyze the monthly returns of commodity ETFs from January 2005 to December 2012 and find that adding commodity ETFs does not lead to a statistically significant increase in the investment opportunity set for the US investors. However, the US investors can utilize commodity ETFs to enhance their portfolio performance, as measured by the Sharpe ratio. We further show that the diversification contribution varies greatly among the different commodity ETFs. Overall, the results confirm that specific-commodity ETF, like Gold or Natural Gas are valuable investments from the perspective of diversification.
- Commodity Exchange Traded Funds (Commodity ETFs)
- Mean-Variance Spanning and Intersection
- Sharpe Ratio