Oligohydramnios decreases platelet-derived growth factor expression in fetal rat lungs

Chung Ming Chen, Leng-Fang Wang, Hsiu Chu Chou, Yaw Dong Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects ofexperimental oligohydramnios on lung growth, expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and its receptors, and lung morphology in fetal rats. Methods: On day 16 of gestation, we anesthetized timed pregnant Sprague-Dawley dams and punctured uterine wall and fetal membranes of each uterine sac which resulted in oligohydramnios. The fetuses in the opposite uterine horn served as controls. On days 19 and 21 of gestation, the fetuses were delivered by cesarean section and weighed, and the lungs were dissected free and weighed. Results: Rats exposed to oligohydramnios exhibited significantly lower lung/body weight ratios on days 19 and 21 of gestation and significantly lower radial saccular counts on day 21 of gestation than did the control rats. Lung PDGF-A and PDGF-B gene and protein expression and elastin level were significantly decreased in rats exposed to oligohydramnios on days 19 and 21 of gestation. The PDGF receptor alpha and beta gene expression levels were significantly decreased in rats exposed to oligohydramnios on day 19 of gestation. Conclusion: A decreased PDGF expression may be important in the pathogenesis of oligohydramnios-induced pulmonary hypoplasia and suggests that supplementation may provide useful therapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalNeonatology
Volume92
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

Fingerprint

Oligohydramnios
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
Pregnancy
Lung
Fetus
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha Receptor
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta Receptor
Gene Expression
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptors
Extraembryonic Membranes
Elastin
Cesarean Section
Body Weight
Growth

Keywords

  • Alveolarization
  • Elastin
  • Pulmonary hypoplasia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Oligohydramnios decreases platelet-derived growth factor expression in fetal rat lungs. / Chen, Chung Ming; Wang, Leng-Fang; Chou, Hsiu Chu; Lang, Yaw Dong.

In: Neonatology, Vol. 92, No. 3, 09.2007, p. 187-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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