Oita International Electrocardiology Symposium 2000 “Electrophysiology and Management of Lethal Arrhythmias in the New Millennium: From Genes to Bedside”

Yi-Jen Chen, Yao-Chang Chen, Shih-Ann Chen, Paul Chan, Cheng-I Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent clinical studies show that pulmonary veins (PVs) are important foci of atrial tachyarrhythmias. Autonomic nervous system was known to play a role in the genesis of atrial tachyarrhythmias. The present experiments aimed to investigate the actions of autonomic agents in dog PVs and to explore the arrhythmogenic activity in these tissues. Transmembrane action potentials were recorded with the conventional microelectrode techniques and tension was detected by a transducer. In PV driven electrically, isoproterenol (Isop, 1μM) increased while ACh (1-10μM) depressed twitch force but elevated resting tension. In PV active spontaneously, Isop increased the automatic rate and induced high frequency irregular rhythms while ACh suppressed them. The actions of Isop and ACh were antagonized by propranolol and atropine, respectively. Quite often a single microelectrode impalement recorded 2 and more types of action potentials with wide range of durations (APD), indicating presence of multiple cells with different electrophysiological properties and electrical uncoupling of neighboring cells in PV strips. Activation of β-adrenoceptor stimulated while cholinergic agonist suppressed spontaneous action potentials or high frequency irregular rhythms in PV.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-49
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Electrocardiology
Volume20
Issue numberSuppl3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Pulmonary Veins
Electrophysiology
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Genes
Action Potentials
pamidronate
Microelectrodes
Tachycardia
Autonomic Agents
Cholinergic Agonists
Autonomic Nervous System
Transducers
Atropine
Isoproterenol
Propranolol
Membrane Potentials
Adrenergic Receptors
Dogs

Cite this

Oita International Electrocardiology Symposium 2000 “Electrophysiology and Management of Lethal Arrhythmias in the New Millennium: From Genes to Bedside”. / Chen, Yi-Jen; Chen, Yao-Chang; Chen, Shih-Ann; Chan, Paul; Lin, Cheng-I.

In: Japanese Journal of Electrocardiology, Vol. 20, No. Suppl3, 2000, p. 46-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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