Nutritional assessment of 15 HIV-infected male adults

Shu Jan Lan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to assess the nutritional status of 15 HIV-infected male adults by anthropometric measurements, biochemical tests, cell counts and dietary evaluation, Anthropometric measurements included height and weight. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight (kg) divided by height square (m2), Biochemical tests covered serum total protein, albumin, globulin, triglycerides, cholesterol, glucose, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), RBC, WBC, CD4+, and CD8+. Two-day dietary records were used to analyze the mean intake of energy, macronutrients, crude fiber, cholesterol, 6 vitamins, and 4 minerals, Eight subjects had BMI <22, including 4 with BMI <20. Based on biochemical tests, overall protein and cholesterol metabolism was good, although 4 subjects had low protein intake and 9 subjects had a cholesterol intake > 400 mg/d. Three subjects had hypertriglyceridemia and another 3 had hyperglycemia. The means of RBC and Hct were below reference values and 8 subjects had anemia, Energy intake was 1891 ± 323 kcal, equivalent to 90% of RDNA; protein intake was 74 ± 18 g, fat was 55 ± 15 g, and carbohydrate 275 ± 64 g, These nutrients contributed 15,6% ± 2.7%, 26.4% ± 6,9% and 58% ± 7.6% to total calories, respectively. Crude fiber intake was 5,00 ± 3.81 g, and cholesterol was 396 ± 181 mg, Except for vitamin C, the intake of vitamins A, B1, B2, and niacin was inadequate, and was equivalent to 76%, 80%, 78%, and 75% of the RDNA. Mineral intake for Ca was 347 ± 138 mg, 58% RDNA; P was 889 ± 260 mg, 145% RDNA; Fe was 14 ± 6.6 mg, and Na was 1166 ± 479 mg.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-55
Number of pages11
JournalNutritional Sciences Journal
Volume27
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Nutrition Assessment
nutrition assessment
Cholesterol
cholesterol
HIV
crude fiber
anthropometric measurements
Energy Intake
Hematocrit
hematocrit
Minerals
body mass index
energy intake
Body Mass Index
erythrocytes
minerals
Diet Records
Weights and Measures
hypertriglyceridemia
Hypertriglyceridemia

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Biochemical tests
  • Dietary intake
  • HIV
  • Nutritional assessment
  • Nutritional status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Nutritional assessment of 15 HIV-infected male adults. / Lan, Shu Jan.

In: Nutritional Sciences Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2002, p. 45-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lan, Shu Jan. / Nutritional assessment of 15 HIV-infected male adults. In: Nutritional Sciences Journal. 2002 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 45-55.
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