Nurses' physical restraint knowledge, attitudes, and practices: the effectiveness of an in-service education program.

Hui Tzu Huang, Yeu Hui Chuang, Kuei Feng Chiang

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Physical restraints are commonly used to reduce treatment interference risk and protect patient safety. However, nurses still hold misconceptions about the use of physical restraints in acute care settings. Teaching nursing staff accurate knowledge and proper skills, cultivating positive attitudes, and rectifying irregularities in physical restraint use are all necessary to improve patient care. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a short-term in-service education program in improving nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported practices related to physical restraint use. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used in this quasi-experimental study at two different branches of one hospital in southern Taiwan. The two branches were randomly assigned as either the intervention or control group. Fifty-nine nurses at one branch were assigned to the intervention group, and 70 nurses in the other branch were assigned to the control group. The developed 90-minute in-service education program was given to nurses in the intervention group. The questionnaire included demographic data and three scales (Knowledge of Physical Restraint Use, Attitudes of Physical Restraint Use, and Practice of Physical Restraint Use). These scales were used to measure critical study variables prior to and 2 weeks after the intervention. RESULTS: Results found a significant improvement in the intervention group in terms of knowledge (p = .000), attitudes (p = .007), and self-reported practices (p = .048) related to physical restraint use after program completion. However, there were no significant differences in participant attitudes toward the use of physical restraints between intervention and control groups after program completion. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICES: Physical restraint knowledge and skills improved after the 90-minute in-service education program. Findings highlight the need to provide a short-term in-service education program on physical restraint use in acute care settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
JournalThe journal of nursing research : JNR
Volume17
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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