Novel incorporation of redox active organic molecule with activated carbon as efficient active material of supercapacitors

Tsung Rong Kuo, Lu Yin Lin, Subbiramaniyan Kubendhiran, Yi Chiun Li, Ren Jei Chung, Sibidou Yougbaré

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Activated carbon (AC) is intensively applied as active material of supercapacitor (SC) due to high porosity and surface area. Incorporating battery-type materials in AC can enhance energy storage ability by generating redox reactions, but poor cycling stability of battery-type materials limits practical use of SC. Similar surface properties can be achieved by redox active organic compounds, which also possesses rich functional groups with extra redox ability. Unlike battery-type materials producing redox reactions from transition metals, incorporating organic molecule is expected to generate redox reactions without reducing cycling stability of AC. In this study, it is the first time to fabricate 1,4 benzene diboronic acid (DBA) and AC composite (DBA-AC) as active material of SC. The ratio of DBA and AC is optimized regarding to uniformity of DBA decoration. The optimized DBA-AC electrode presents a specific capacitance (CF) of 211.4 F/g at 20 mV/s, owing to the largest surface area and abundant functional groups. A flexible symmetric SC based on the optimized DBA-AC electrodes shows the maximum energy density of 0.761 Wh/kg at the power density of 400 W/kg. The CF retention of 110% and Coulombic efficiency higher than 95% after 10,000 times charge and discharge cycling process are also achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105085
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Coulombic efficiency
  • Flexible
  • Redox active organic compounds
  • Supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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