Nonreassuring fetal heart rate decreases heart rate variability in newborn infants

Tzong Chyi Sheen, Ming Huei Lu, Mei Yu Lee, Su-Ru Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) refers to a compromised fetal condition which implies hypoxia. The influence of intrapartum hypoxia on autonomic nervous system function in early postnatal life is unknown. This study explored the influence of NRFS on the heart rate variability (HRV) of newborn infants. Methods Singleton newborn infants delivered through Cesarean delivery (CD) with indications of elective purpose (n = 32), dystocia (n = 29), or NRFS (n = 22), and through vaginal birth (VB) (n = 80) were consecutively collected. HRV parameters including standard deviation of average NN intervals (SDANN), low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF), LF%, HF%, and total power (TP), were obtained for analysis in 3 days postpartum. An independent t-test or one-way ANOVA was used to compare differences in numeric data. Results SDANN, HF, HF%, and TP of newborn infants in the VB group were significantly higher than those in the CD group. The NRFS group had significantly lower SDANN, HF, and TP than those of the elective group, and significantly lower HF, HF%, and TP than those of the dystocia group. Conclusions Newborn infants delivered through Cesarean section had lower HRV, especially those who experienced NRFS during labor. The long-term effects of changes of HRV in neonates require further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-278
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • electronic fetal monitor
  • heart rate variability
  • newborn infants
  • nonreassuring fetal status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Medicine(all)

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