Non-catalytic and substrate-free method to titania-doped W 18O 49 nanorods: Growth, characterizations, and electro-optical properties

Hsuan Ching Lin, Cherng Yuh Su, Yuan Hsiang Yu, Chung Kwei Lin

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In the present study, titania-doped (Ti-doped) W 18O 49 nanorods have been prepared using a modified plasma arc gas condensation technique. Characterizations by field-emission gun scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicate that the as-prepared nanorods with a singlecrystalline monoclinic W 18O 49 phase are of 20-100 nm in diameter and several micrometers in length. The Raman peaks of the Ti-doped W 18O 49 nanorods show a red-shift Raman peaks, and an additional greenemission peak at 497 nm is observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum compared to pure W 18O 49 nanorods. Field-emission (FE) measurements reveal that the turn-on (E to) and threshold (E thr) voltages of the Ti-doped W 18O 49 nanorods are 2.2 and 3.4 V/lm, respectively. A vapor-solid process that does not involve the use of catalyst is proposed for the nanorod growth mechanism. Experimental results show that the additional defects resulting from titania doping are responsible for the enhancement of the optical and FE properties of the pure W 18O 49 nanorods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number665
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012



  • Doped
  • Field-emission property
  • Nanorods
  • Photoluminescence
  • Synthesis
  • Titania
  • Tungsten oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering

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