New pathway for the controllable synthesis of gold nanoparticles on platinum substrates and their derivatives of polypyrrole/gold nanocomposites

Yu Chuan Liu, Chung Chin Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis of gold nanoparticles with controllable particle sizes and densities on platinum substrates was first developed by sonoelectrochemical methods in this study. First, an Au substrate was cycled in a deoxygenated aqueous solution containing 0.1 M HCl from -0.28 to +1.22 V vs. Ag/AgCl at 500 mV/s with different scans. The durations at the cathodic and anodic vertexes are 10 and 5 s, respectively. After that Au-containing complexes were found existing in this aqueous solution. Subsequently, the Au working electrode was immediately replaced by a Pt electrode and different cathodic overpotentials and reduction time were employed under controlled sonication to synthesize Au nanoparticles on the Pt electrode. Then pyrrole (Py) monomers were encouragingly found to be autopolymerized to form polypyrrole (PPy)/Au nanocomposites on the Pt substrate due to the electrochemical activity of some unreduced species of the positively charged Au-containing complexes, which were incorporated into the deposited Au nanoparticles during the sonoelectrochemical reduction in a specific condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-213
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume585
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polypyrroles
Platinum
Gold
Nanocomposites
Nanoparticles
Derivatives
Electrodes
Substrates
Pyrroles
Sonication
Monomers
Particle size
polypyrrole

Keywords

  • Autopolymerization
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Nanocomposites
  • Polypyrrole
  • Sonoelectrochemical methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The synthesis of gold nanoparticles with controllable particle sizes and densities on platinum substrates was first developed by sonoelectrochemical methods in this study. First, an Au substrate was cycled in a deoxygenated aqueous solution containing 0.1 M HCl from -0.28 to +1.22 V vs. Ag/AgCl at 500 mV/s with different scans. The durations at the cathodic and anodic vertexes are 10 and 5 s, respectively. After that Au-containing complexes were found existing in this aqueous solution. Subsequently, the Au working electrode was immediately replaced by a Pt electrode and different cathodic overpotentials and reduction time were employed under controlled sonication to synthesize Au nanoparticles on the Pt electrode. Then pyrrole (Py) monomers were encouragingly found to be autopolymerized to form polypyrrole (PPy)/Au nanocomposites on the Pt substrate due to the electrochemical activity of some unreduced species of the positively charged Au-containing complexes, which were incorporated into the deposited Au nanoparticles during the sonoelectrochemical reduction in a specific condition.",
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author = "Liu, {Yu Chuan} and Yu, {Chung Chin}",
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AU - Yu, Chung Chin

PY - 2005/11/15

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N2 - The synthesis of gold nanoparticles with controllable particle sizes and densities on platinum substrates was first developed by sonoelectrochemical methods in this study. First, an Au substrate was cycled in a deoxygenated aqueous solution containing 0.1 M HCl from -0.28 to +1.22 V vs. Ag/AgCl at 500 mV/s with different scans. The durations at the cathodic and anodic vertexes are 10 and 5 s, respectively. After that Au-containing complexes were found existing in this aqueous solution. Subsequently, the Au working electrode was immediately replaced by a Pt electrode and different cathodic overpotentials and reduction time were employed under controlled sonication to synthesize Au nanoparticles on the Pt electrode. Then pyrrole (Py) monomers were encouragingly found to be autopolymerized to form polypyrrole (PPy)/Au nanocomposites on the Pt substrate due to the electrochemical activity of some unreduced species of the positively charged Au-containing complexes, which were incorporated into the deposited Au nanoparticles during the sonoelectrochemical reduction in a specific condition.

AB - The synthesis of gold nanoparticles with controllable particle sizes and densities on platinum substrates was first developed by sonoelectrochemical methods in this study. First, an Au substrate was cycled in a deoxygenated aqueous solution containing 0.1 M HCl from -0.28 to +1.22 V vs. Ag/AgCl at 500 mV/s with different scans. The durations at the cathodic and anodic vertexes are 10 and 5 s, respectively. After that Au-containing complexes were found existing in this aqueous solution. Subsequently, the Au working electrode was immediately replaced by a Pt electrode and different cathodic overpotentials and reduction time were employed under controlled sonication to synthesize Au nanoparticles on the Pt electrode. Then pyrrole (Py) monomers were encouragingly found to be autopolymerized to form polypyrrole (PPy)/Au nanocomposites on the Pt substrate due to the electrochemical activity of some unreduced species of the positively charged Au-containing complexes, which were incorporated into the deposited Au nanoparticles during the sonoelectrochemical reduction in a specific condition.

KW - Autopolymerization

KW - Gold nanoparticles

KW - Nanocomposites

KW - Polypyrrole

KW - Sonoelectrochemical methods

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