Abstract

Polymer-based nanoparticles (PNPs) are attractive in part due to their ultra-small size, versatility and target specificity. Therefore, PNPs have been increasingly used in a variety of biomedical applications including diagnoses and therapeutic treatment. In this chapter, we focus on the recent studies (within 5 years) with some new ideas/agent's application in biomedical field and roughly divide applications of PNPs into four categories: (1) Delivery, (2) In vivo imaging, (3) Therapies, and (4) Other applications. First, we introduce how PNPs can enhance the treatment and delivery efficiency of therapeutic agent. Second, how PNPs can be used to help in vivo imaging system for disease tracking and monitor. Then, we reveal some novel PNPs which is able to function as an agent in photodynamic, photothermal, sonodynamic and neuron capture therapy. Furthermore, we also mention some interesting applications of PNPs for biomedical field in individual form or cluster employment, such as immunoswitch particles, surface fabrication. Finally, the challenges and future development of PNPs are also discussed. In delivery section, we focus on how polymer "can be used" as vehicles in delivery application. But, in the section of imaging and therapies, we carried on how polymer as an "adjuvant" for functional enhancement. The biodegradable property of PNPs is the feature that they can be controllable for itself degradation and drug release as a chief actor. Besides, in imaging and therapies application, PNPs can be the support role for helping contrast agent or photo/sonosensitizer to enlarge their imaging or therapeutic effect.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Pages271-290
Number of pages20
Volume1078
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Delivery
  • Imaging
  • PNPs cluster
  • Polymer-based nanoparticles (PNPs)
  • Therapeutics

Cite this

Chang, R., Wang, P. Y., & Tseng, C. L. (2018). New Combination/Application of Polymer-Based Nanoparticles for Biomedical Engineering. In Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (Vol. 1078, pp. 271-290) https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0950-2_14