Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang (THSWT) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TMC). In the present study, oral administration of THSWT (0.7 and 1.4g kg -1 day -1) for 14 days before MCAO dose-dependently attenuated focal cerebral ischemia in rats. MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia was associated with increases in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α , inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α , and active caspase-3 expressions in ischemic regions. These expressions were obviously inhibited by 0.7g kg -1 day -1 THSWT treatment. In addition, THSWT inhibited platelet aggregation stimulated by collagen in washed platelets. In an in vivo study, THSWT (16g kg-1) significantly prolonged platelet plug formation in mice. However, THSWT (20 and 40 g mL -1) did not significantly reduce the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity of hydroxyl radical (OH* ) formation. In conclusion, the most important findings of this study demonstrate for the first time that THSWT possesses potent neuroprotective activity against MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia in vivo. This effect may be mediated, at least in part, by the inhibition of both HIF-1α and TNF-α activation, followed by the inhibition of inflammatory responses (i.e., iNOS expression), apoptosis formation (active caspase-3), and platelet activation, resulting in a reduction in the infarct volume in ischemia-reperfusion brain injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article number803015
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine


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