Neuroprotection by the traditional Chinese medicine, Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang, against middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced cerebral ischemia in rats

Joen Rong Sheu, Chih Jen Wu, Jui Tai Chen, Ting Lin Yen, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Duen Suey Chou, George Hsiao

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Abstract

Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang (THSWT) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TMC). In the present study, oral administration of THSWT (0.7 and 1.4g kg -1 day -1) for 14 days before MCAO dose-dependently attenuated focal cerebral ischemia in rats. MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia was associated with increases in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α , inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α , and active caspase-3 expressions in ischemic regions. These expressions were obviously inhibited by 0.7g kg -1 day -1 THSWT treatment. In addition, THSWT inhibited platelet aggregation stimulated by collagen in washed platelets. In an in vivo study, THSWT (16g kg-1) significantly prolonged platelet plug formation in mice. However, THSWT (20 and 40 g mL -1) did not significantly reduce the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity of hydroxyl radical (OH* ) formation. In conclusion, the most important findings of this study demonstrate for the first time that THSWT possesses potent neuroprotective activity against MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia in vivo. This effect may be mediated, at least in part, by the inhibition of both HIF-1α and TNF-α activation, followed by the inhibition of inflammatory responses (i.e., iNOS expression), apoptosis formation (active caspase-3), and platelet activation, resulting in a reduction in the infarct volume in ischemia-reperfusion brain injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article number803015
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction
Chinese Traditional Medicine
Brain Ischemia
Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
Caspase 3
Blood Platelets
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Platelet Activation
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
si-wu-tang
Neuroprotection
Reperfusion Injury
Platelet Aggregation
Hydroxyl Radical
Brain Injuries
Oral Administration
Collagen
Apoptosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

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title = "Neuroprotection by the traditional Chinese medicine, Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang, against middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced cerebral ischemia in rats",
abstract = "Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang (THSWT) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TMC). In the present study, oral administration of THSWT (0.7 and 1.4g kg -1 day -1) for 14 days before MCAO dose-dependently attenuated focal cerebral ischemia in rats. MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia was associated with increases in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α , inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α , and active caspase-3 expressions in ischemic regions. These expressions were obviously inhibited by 0.7g kg -1 day -1 THSWT treatment. In addition, THSWT inhibited platelet aggregation stimulated by collagen in washed platelets. In an in vivo study, THSWT (16g kg-1) significantly prolonged platelet plug formation in mice. However, THSWT (20 and 40 g mL -1) did not significantly reduce the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity of hydroxyl radical (OH* ) formation. In conclusion, the most important findings of this study demonstrate for the first time that THSWT possesses potent neuroprotective activity against MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia in vivo. This effect may be mediated, at least in part, by the inhibition of both HIF-1α and TNF-α activation, followed by the inhibition of inflammatory responses (i.e., iNOS expression), apoptosis formation (active caspase-3), and platelet activation, resulting in a reduction in the infarct volume in ischemia-reperfusion brain injury.",
author = "Sheu, {Joen Rong} and Wu, {Chih Jen} and Chen, {Jui Tai} and Yen, {Ting Lin} and Thanasekaran Jayakumar and Chou, {Duen Suey} and George Hsiao",
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T1 - Neuroprotection by the traditional Chinese medicine, Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang, against middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced cerebral ischemia in rats

AU - Sheu, Joen Rong

AU - Wu, Chih Jen

AU - Chen, Jui Tai

AU - Yen, Ting Lin

AU - Jayakumar, Thanasekaran

AU - Chou, Duen Suey

AU - Hsiao, George

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang (THSWT) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TMC). In the present study, oral administration of THSWT (0.7 and 1.4g kg -1 day -1) for 14 days before MCAO dose-dependently attenuated focal cerebral ischemia in rats. MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia was associated with increases in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α , inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α , and active caspase-3 expressions in ischemic regions. These expressions were obviously inhibited by 0.7g kg -1 day -1 THSWT treatment. In addition, THSWT inhibited platelet aggregation stimulated by collagen in washed platelets. In an in vivo study, THSWT (16g kg-1) significantly prolonged platelet plug formation in mice. However, THSWT (20 and 40 g mL -1) did not significantly reduce the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity of hydroxyl radical (OH* ) formation. In conclusion, the most important findings of this study demonstrate for the first time that THSWT possesses potent neuroprotective activity against MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia in vivo. This effect may be mediated, at least in part, by the inhibition of both HIF-1α and TNF-α activation, followed by the inhibition of inflammatory responses (i.e., iNOS expression), apoptosis formation (active caspase-3), and platelet activation, resulting in a reduction in the infarct volume in ischemia-reperfusion brain injury.

AB - Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang (THSWT) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TMC). In the present study, oral administration of THSWT (0.7 and 1.4g kg -1 day -1) for 14 days before MCAO dose-dependently attenuated focal cerebral ischemia in rats. MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia was associated with increases in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α , inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α , and active caspase-3 expressions in ischemic regions. These expressions were obviously inhibited by 0.7g kg -1 day -1 THSWT treatment. In addition, THSWT inhibited platelet aggregation stimulated by collagen in washed platelets. In an in vivo study, THSWT (16g kg-1) significantly prolonged platelet plug formation in mice. However, THSWT (20 and 40 g mL -1) did not significantly reduce the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity of hydroxyl radical (OH* ) formation. In conclusion, the most important findings of this study demonstrate for the first time that THSWT possesses potent neuroprotective activity against MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia in vivo. This effect may be mediated, at least in part, by the inhibition of both HIF-1α and TNF-α activation, followed by the inhibition of inflammatory responses (i.e., iNOS expression), apoptosis formation (active caspase-3), and platelet activation, resulting in a reduction in the infarct volume in ischemia-reperfusion brain injury.

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