Background: The natural history of a bleeding peptic ulcer with a tightly adherent blood clot remains uncertain. Controversy exists concerning removal of such blood clots at the bleeding ulcer base. This article presents the natural history of a bleeding peptic ulcer with a tightly adherent clot and defines the characteristics of those requiring aggressive management. Methods: Clinical parameters were analyzed to determine the independent predictors of rebleeding in these patients. One hundred one patients with bleeding peptic ulcers and tightly adherent blood clots were enrolled during a period of 12 months. Results: Twenty-five patients (25%) rebled within 1 month. With a multivariate analysis, we found comorbid illness (odds ratio, 3.41), shock (odds ratio, 3.65), and intial hemoglobin at or below 10 gm/dL (odds ratio, 2.99) to be independent predictors of rebleeding. Conclusions: Most patients with a tightly adherent clot in an ulcer have an uneventful course. However, endoscopic therapy may prove to be beneficial in the subset of patients with independent predictors of rebleeding.
|Number of pages||4|
|Issue number||2 PART 2|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
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