Background: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections have been increasingly reported worldwide and are associated with nasal colonization. In Taiwan, available data disclosed a similar trend. We conducted a study for the updated childhood nasal MRSA carriage. Methods: From July 2005 to December 2010, children aged between 2 months and 5 years who presented for a well-child health care visit to a medical center or from kindergarten/daycare center were invited and a nasal swab specimen was obtained for the detection of MRSA. All MRSA isolates were characterized. Results: A total of 3226 children were included and the rate of nasal MRSA carriage was 10.2%. Children aged 2-6 months and >3 years were significantly associated with MRSA carriage, while pneumococcus colonization (p = 0.033) and breastfeeding (p = 0.025) were negatively associated with MRSA carriage. Of the 330 MRSA isolates, a total of 13 pulsotypes with two major patterns (type C, 47.0% and D, 29%) were identified. Most MRSA isolates belonged to two major clones, characterized as sequence type 59 (ST59)/pulsotype C/staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCCmec) IV/Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-negative (45.8%) and ST59/pulsotype D/SCCmec VT/PVL-positive (22.7%). Two new clones as ST 508/SCCmec IV (9.7%) and ST573/SCCmec IV (7.3%) emerged and increased markedly since 2007. Conclusion: Between 2005 and 2010, 10.2% of healthy children in northern Taiwan carried MRSA in anterior nares, with the highest carriage rate for infants aged 2-6 months. Two emerging clones, ST 508 and ST 573, were identified and the clinical significance needs further surveillance.
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
- Sequence type 59
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases