Nanoformulation properties, characterization, and behavior in complex biological matrices: Challenges and opportunities for brain-targeted drug delivery applications and enhanced translational potential

Vibhuti Agrahari, Pierre Alain Burnouf, Thierry Burnouf, Vivek Agrahari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


Nanocarriers (synthetic/cell-based have attracted enormous interest for various therapeutic indications, including neurodegenerative disorders. A broader understanding of the impact of nanomedicines design is now required to enhance their translational potential. Nanoformulations in vivo journey is significantly affected by their physicochemical properties including the size, shape, hydrophobicity, elasticity, and surface charge/chemistry/morphology, which play a role as an interface with the biological environment. Understanding protein corona formation is crucial in characterizing nanocarriers and evaluating their interactions with biological systems. In this review, the types and properties of the brain-targeted nanocarriers are discussed. The biological factors and nanocarriers properties affecting their in vivo behavior are elaborated. The compositional description of cell culture and biological matrices, including proteins potentially relevant to protein corona built-up on nanoformulation especially for brain administration, is provided. Analytical techniques of characterizing nanocarriers in complex matrices, their advantages, limitations, and implementation challenges in industrial GMP environment are discussed. The uses of orthogonal complementary characterization approaches of nanocarriers are also covered.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019



  • Biological proteins
  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Cell-based nanocarriers, Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Cell-culture media
  • Characterization methods
  • Nanoparticles
  • Physicochemical properties
  • Protein-corona

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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